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1.  High mobility group box-1 recognition: The beginning of a RAGEless era? 
EMBO Molecular Medicine  2010;2(6):193-195.
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a molecular alarm signal that triggers an immune response when released. It was assumed that the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) would mediate the signal to the immune system. Recently pattern recognition receptors that are triggered by molecules of bacterial origin (the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family) were shown to also respond to HMGB1. Now two papers establish the TLR4–HMGB1 axis as proinflammatory, eventually leading to disparate conditions like seizures or skin cancer. These reports add a new twist to our understanding of the mode of action of the alarm signal HMGB1.
doi:10.1002/emmm.201000077
PMCID: PMC3377318  PMID: 20535746
HMGB1; inflammation; TLR4

Results 1-1 (1)