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1.  Vaccinia virus F16 protein, a predicted catalytically inactive member of the prokaryotic serine recombinase superfamily, is targeted to nucleoli 
Virology  2011;417(2):334-342.
The F16L gene of vaccinia virus (VACV) is conserved in all chordopoxviruses except avipoxviruses. The crocodile poxvirus F16 protein ortholog has highly significant similarity to prokaryotic serine recombinases and contains all amino acids that comprise the catalytic site. In contrast, F16 orthologs encoded by other poxviruses show only marginally significant similarity to serine recombinases, lack essential amino acids of the active site and are most likely inactive derivatives of serine recombinases. Nevertheless, the conservation of F16L in non-avian poxviruses suggested an important function. However, a VACV mutant with the F16L gene knocked out replicated normally in dividing and quiescent cells. The F16 protein was synthesized early after infection and detected in virus cores. When expressed in infected or uninfected cells, F16 accumulated in nucleoli depending on the level of expression and confluency of cells. Evidence was obtained that F16 forms multimers, which might regulate concentration-dependent intracellular localization.
PMCID: PMC3163719  PMID: 21752417
poxvirus orthologs; poxvirus prokaryotic homologs; vaccinia virus replication; poxvirus recombinase
2.  A conserved poxvirus NLPC/P60 superfamily protein contributes to vaccinia virus virulence in mice but not to replication in cell culture 
Virology  2008;374(2):506-514.
Of the vaccinia virus genes that are conserved in all sequenced poxviruses, each one except for VACWR084 (G6R) has been at least partially characterized. The poxvirus protein encoded by G6R belongs to the NLPC/P60 superfamily, which consists of proteins with a papain-like fold and known or predicted protease, amidase or acyltransferase activity. The G6 protein was synthesized late in infection and localized to the interior of virions, primarily between the membrane and core. Unlike other conserved poxvirus genes, G6R was not required for virus propagation and spread in a variety of cells. Nevertheless, G6R null mutants caused less severe disease in mice than the parent or revertant virus. Moreover, mutation of the predicted catalytic cysteine led to the same level of attenuation as a null mutant, suggesting that the G6 protein has enzymatic activity that is important in vivo. Conservation of G6R amongst poxviruses and the disparity between its role in vitro and in vivo imply that the protein is involved in an aspect of the virus-host interaction that is common to vertebrates and insects.
PMCID: PMC2412903  PMID: 18281072

Results 1-2 (2)