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1.  Clinical significance of NQO1 polymorphism and expression of p53, SOD2, PARP1 in limited-stage small cell lung cancer 
Background: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is one of highly aggressive cancers with poor prognosis. Unfortunately, there are as yet no molecular targets that can be exploited to prolong survival in patients with SCLC. This study aimed to investigate possible molecular markers associated with prognosis in limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC). Methods: The demographic and clinical data for LS-SCLC patients treated in a tertiary care hospital between January 2008 and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. NQO1 polymorphism and the expression of p53, SOD2, PARP1 were examined in biopsy specimens, and the factors affecting prognosis were identified. Results: 79 patients with LS-SCLC having available pathologic tissues were analyzed. 84.8% of them received both chemotherapy and radiotherapy. NQO1 polymorphism was detected in 60.0% (45/79; heterozygous in 26 patients, homozygous in 19 patients). Over-expression of p53, SOD2, PARP1 was seen in 45.6% (36/79), 38.0% (30/79) and 41.8% (33/79) of the patients, respectively. The univariate Cox proportional hazards model revealed that serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels and PARP1 expression were associated with disease progression. In the multivariate analysis, only PARP1 expression was a significant independent prognostic factor for progression-free survival (hazard ratio: 0.494; 95% CI, 0.267-0.913, P = 0.025). Conclusions: PARP1 expression is correlated with longer progression-free survival in LS-SCLC requiring further studies to clarify the precise role of PARP1 and the relevance of PARP1-targeted therapy.
PMCID: PMC4230145  PMID: 25400754
Small cell lung cancer; NQO1 polymorphism; PARP1; prognosis
2.  Cloning-Independent Expression and Analysis of ω-Transaminases by Use of a Cell-Free Protein Synthesis System▿ †  
Applied and Environmental Microbiology  2010;76(18):6295-6298.
Herewith we report the expression and screening of microbial enzymes without involving cloning procedures. Computationally predicted putative ω-transaminase (ω-TA) genes were PCR amplified from the bacterial colonies and expressed in a cell-free protein synthesis system for subsequent analysis of their enzymatic activity and substrate specificity. Through the cell-free expression analysis of the putative ω-TA genes, a number of enzyme-substrate pairs were identified in a matter of hours. We expect that the proposed strategy will provide a universal platform for bridging the information gap between nucleotide sequence and protein function to accelerate the discovery of novel enzymes.
doi:10.1128/AEM.00029-10
PMCID: PMC2937503  PMID: 20656866
3.  Thalidomide Induced Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonia in Patient with Relapsed Multiple Myeloma 
A 63-year-old female diagnosed with relapsed multiple myeloma visited our hospital complaining of a persistent cough. Since July 2006, she had been taking 100 mg thalidomide daily and gradually developed shortness of breath and a persistent dry cough. A chest X-ray and computed tomography showed ground glass opacities in both lungs. An open lung biopsy of the right middle lobe under general anesthesia revealed chronic peribronchial inflammation, mild interstitial fibrosis, and intra-alveolar macrophage infiltration, with some hemosiderin features, compatible with non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). After discontinuing the thalidomide, the patient's symptoms did not deteriorate, although the radiographs did not improve. The patient is alive and well with regular outpatient follow-up without progression of the NSIP.
doi:10.3904/kjim.2010.25.4.447
PMCID: PMC2997975  PMID: 21179284
Lung diseases, interstitial; Thalidomide; Multiple myeloma
4.  Rituximab-CHOP Induced Interstitial Pneumonitis in Patients with Disseminated Extranodal Marginal Zone B Cell Lymphoma 
Yonsei Medical Journal  2008;49(1):155-158.
A 69-year-old male was diagnosed in February 2004 with stage IV extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma involving the mediastinal nodes, lung parenchyma and bone marrow with high LDH. Shortness of breath developed following the 5th course of Rituximab-CHOP chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, Vincristine, Doxorubicin, Prednisolone). Bronchoscopy guided transbronchial lung biopsy revealed interstitial thickening and type II pneumocyte activation, compatible with interstitial pneumonitis. After treatment with prednisolone a complete resolution of the dyspnea was observed. The patient was well on routine follow-up at the outpatient clinic, with no progression of lymphoma or interstitial pneumonitis.
doi:10.3349/ymj.2008.49.1.155
PMCID: PMC2615269  PMID: 18306483
Interstitial pneumonitis; rituximab; lymphoma
5.  Determination of Urinary Myo-/Chiro-Inositol Ratios from Korean Diabetes Patients 
Yonsei Medical Journal  2005;46(4):532-538.
Of two major forms (myo- and chiro-inositol) of inositols, only chiro-inositol enhances the activity of proteins involved in intracellular glucose metabolism. This study aims to determine the urinary myo-/chiro-inositol ratio in type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients and compare its ratio with the normal control group. The 24-hour urinary myo- and chiro-inositols in 71 Korean diabetes patients and 39 control subjects have been quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography, and their ratios have been evaluated as indices of insulin resistance. The level of 24-hour urinary myo-inositol was significantly higher in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes than with the control group, whereas the urinary chiro-inositol in type 1 or type 2 diabetes was lower than that in normal subjects. The myo-/chiro-inositol ratio in diabetes patients was higher than that in the control group. Twenty four-hour urinary myo-/chiro-inositol ratios were significantly elevated in type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients compared to the control group, suggesting that a high ratio of urinary myo-/chiro-inositol in type 2 diabetes patients might be used for an index of insulin resistance.
doi:10.3349/ymj.2005.46.4.532
PMCID: PMC2815839  PMID: 16127779
Myo-inositol; chiro-inositol; inositol; insulin resistance; diabetes mellitus
6.  A Phase II Trial of Docetaxel and Ifosfamide for Patients with Platinum-Resistant or Refractory Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in a Salvage Setting 
Purpose
We conducted a phase II study of docetaxel and ifosfamide chemotherapy for patients with platinum-resistant or refractory non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to evaluate the response and toxicity profiles as a salvage treatment.
Materials and Methods
Between July 2000 and July 2004, 40 patients who had previously received platinum-based regimen as the first-line or second-line therapy were enrolled in this study. The treatment consisted of a docetaxel 75 mg/m2 intravenous infusion on day 1 and intravenous ifosfamide 3 g/m2 with Mesna® uroprotectione on day 1 through 3. This regimen was repeated every 3 weeks.
Results
One hundred thirty cycles of treatment were given, with a median of 3 cycles (range: 2~6 cycles). All the patients were evaluable for the response rate and toxicity profile. The major toxicity was myelosuppression. Grade 3~4 neutropenia occurred in 30 patients (75%) during treatment. Febrile neutropenia occurred in 16 patients (40%). Five of 40 patients (12.5%) had a partial response (95% confidence interval, 3.3~21.7%). The median time to disease progression was 2.65 months (range: 2.02~3.20 months), and the median survival was 5.24 months (range: 2.99~7.49 months).
Conclusion
Salvage chemotherapy with docetaxel and ifosfamide showed a low efficacy and a high proportion of severe neutropenia in patients with platinum-resistant or refractory advanced NSCLC.
doi:10.4143/crt.2004.36.5.287
PMCID: PMC2843870  PMID: 20368817
Non-small cell lung cancer; Chemotherapy; Docetaxel; Ifosfamide; Salvage therapy

Results 1-6 (6)