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1.  Comparison of Surgical Outcomes in Thoracolumbar Fractures Operated with Posterior Constructs Having Varying Fixation Length with Selective Anterior Fusion 
Yonsei Medical Journal  2009;50(4):546-554.
Purpose
Surgical treatment in the case of thoracolumbar burst fractures is very controversial. Posterior instrumentation is most frequently used, however, but the number of levels to be instrumented still remains a matter of debate.
Materials and Methods
A total of 94 patients who had a single burst fracture between T11 and L2 were selected and were managed using posterior instrumentation with anterior fusion when necessary. They were divided into three groups as follows; Group I (n = 28) included patients who were operated by intermediate segment fixation, Group II (n = 32) included patients operated by long segment fixation, and Group III (n = 34) included those operated by intermediate segment fixation with a pair of additional screws in the fractured vertebra. The mean follow-up period was twenty one months. The outcomes were analyzed in terms of kyphosis angle (KA), regional kyphosis angle (RA), sagittal index (SI), anterior height compression rate, Frankel classification, and Oswestry Disability Index questionnaire.
Results
In Groups II and III, the correction values of KA, RA, and SI were much better than in Group I. At the final follow up, the correction values of KA (6.3 and 12.1, respectively) and SI (6.2 and 12.0, respectively) were in Groups II and III found to be better in the latter.
Conclusion
The intermediate segment fixation with an additional pair of screws at the fracture level vertebra gives results that are comparable or even better than long segment fixation and gives an advantage of preserving an extra mobile segment.
doi:10.3349/ymj.2009.50.4.546
PMCID: PMC2730618  PMID: 19718404
Thoracolumbar burst fracture; posterior instrumentation; intermediate segment fixation; fixation length; selective anterior fusion
2.  Dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction without basal septal hypertrophy, caused by catecholamine therapy and volume depletion 
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with hypertrophy of the basal septum is the most common etiology of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction.
In this article, we report the case of a patient with a structurally normal heart who developed hemodynamic deterioration due to severe LVOT obstruction following treatment with catecholamines. Hypovolemia accompanied with a hyperdynamic condition, resulting from catecholamine treatment, may cause dynamic LVOT obstruction due to the systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve leaflet. The solution for this is early recognition and correction of aggravating factors such as, withdrawal of catecholamine therapy and volume replacement.
doi:10.3904/kjim.2008.23.2.106
PMCID: PMC2686978  PMID: 18646515
Left ventricular outflow obstruction; Catecholamines
3.  Main Bronchial Reconstruction with Sparing of Pulmonary Parenchyma for Benign Diseases 
Journal of Korean Medical Science  2006;21(6):1017-1020.
Main bronchial reconstruction is anatomically suitable for benign main bronchial stenosis. But, it has been hardly recommended for operative mortality and morbidity. This study was aimed at providing validity and the proper clinical information of bronchoplasty for benign main bronchial stenosis by reviewing the results we obtained over the last ten years for main bronchial reconstruction operations. We retrospectively reviewed admission and office records. Twenty eight consecutive patients who underwent main bronchoplasty were included. Enrolled patients underwent main bronchial reconstruction for benign disease (tuberculosis in 21, trauma in 4, endobronchial mass in 3). Concomitant procedures with main stem bronchoplasty were performed in 19 patients. There were no incidences of postoperative mortality and significant morbidity. There were 2 cases of retained secretions, and these problems were resolved by bronchoscopy or intubation. All of the patients are still alive without obstructive airway problem. Bronchoplasty should be considered as one of the primary treatment modalities, if it is anatomically feasible.
doi:10.3346/jkms.2006.21.6.1017
PMCID: PMC2721921  PMID: 17179679
Surgery, Plastic; Bronchi Reconstructive Procedures; Tuberculosis, Endobronchial
4.  Sixteen Cases of Sclerosing Hemangioma of the Lung Including Unusual Presentations 
Journal of Korean Medical Science  2004;19(3):352-358.
Sclerosing hemangiomas (SH) of the lung are uncommon tumors and are thought to be benign. However, the biologic behavior of this tumor has not yet been characterized adequately. The clinicopathologic features were reviewed and analyzed for 16 cases of SH. The age of the patients ranged from 37 to 73 yr (mean 50.6 yr). There were fifteen female and one male patient. The SH located at the intraparenchyme in 14 cases, the interlobar fissure in one case and the visceral pleura in one case. The size of SH ranged from 0.3 cm to 8 cm (mean 2.6 cm). There were five unusual presentations of SH including a case having two SH with multiple nodules of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia in the same lobe, a case showing adenocarcinoma-like area within the SH, a case showing one peribronchial lymph node metastasis (N1 nodal stage) with location of interlobar major fissure, a case showing alveolar adenoma-like area within the SH, and one case with a large visceral pleural-based pedunculated mass presenting as mediastinal mass. All patients were alive and well without recurrence at the last follow up. Here, we reviewed previously published literatures and discussed the histogenesis of SH.
doi:10.3346/jkms.2004.19.3.352
PMCID: PMC2816834  PMID: 15201499
Lung Neoplasms; Sclerosing Hemangioma; Dermatofibroma; Transcription Factors; Immuno-histochemistry
5.  A practical protocol for titrating "optimal" PEEP in acute lung injury: recruitment maneuver and PEEP decrement. 
Journal of Korean Medical Science  2003;18(3):349-354.
This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a practical protocol for titrating positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) involving recruitment maneuver (RM) and decremental PEEP. Seventeen consecutive patients with acute lung injury who underwent PEEP titration were included in the analysis. After baseline ventilation, RM (continuous positive airway pressure, 35 cm H2O for 45 sec) was performed and PEEP was increased to 20 cmH2O or the highest PEEP guaranteeing the minimal tidal volume of 5 mL/kg. Then PEEP was decreased every 20 min in 2 cmH2O decrements. The "optimal" PEEP was defined as the lowest PEEP attainable without causing a significant drop (>10%) in PaO2. The "optimal PEEP" was 14.5 +/- 3.8 cmH2O. PaO2 /FI O2 ratio was 154.8 +/- 63.3 mmHg at baseline and improved to 290.0 +/- 96.4 mmHg at highest PEEP and 302.7 +/- 94.2 mmHg at "optimal PEEP", both significantly higher than baseline (p<0.05). Static compliance was significantly higher at "optimal" PEEP (27.2 +/- 10.4 mL/ cmH2O) compared to highest PEEP (22.3 +/- 7.7 mL/cmH2O) (p<0.05). Three patients experienced transient hypotension and one patient experienced atrial premature contractions. No patient had gross barotrauma. PEEP titration protocol involving RM and PEEP decrement was effective in improving oxygenation and was generally well-tolerated.
PMCID: PMC3055042  PMID: 12808320

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