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1.  99mTc HMDP bone scanning in generalised nodal osteoarthritis. II. The four hour bone scan image predicts radiographic change. 
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  1986;45(8):622-626.
In 14 patients with generalised nodal osteoarthritis a four hour bone scan image was found to predict the changes that occur on the radiograph at follow up between three and five years later. The scan abnormality appeared to precede the development of radiographic signs, and joints abnormal on scintigraphy showed most progression. Normal joints and joints abnormal on x ray alone showed little progression, and those that did subsequently alter became abnormal on scan. Scanning may provide a sensitive technique for monitoring osteoarthritis, it may enable a greater understanding of the underlying disease process, and allow evaluation of modifying therapeutic procedures.
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PMCID: PMC1001956  PMID: 3740991
2.  99mTc HMDP bone scanning in generalised nodal osteoarthritis. I. Comparison of the standard radiograph and four hour bone scan image of the hand. 
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  1986;45(8):617-621.
The pattern of joint involvement on conventional radiographs and the four hour gammacamera image of 99Tc HMDP bone scans were studied in 33 patients with generalised nodal osteoarthritis. Both techniques showed the predominant involvement of the distal interphalangeal, scaphotrapezial, and first carpometacarpal joints. Some joints were abnormal just on one investigation: either x ray or scan alone. Others showed a marked dissimilarity in the severity of involvement on x ray compared with scan. This discrepancy between x ray and scan suggests that the scan is imaging a different process than the radiograph and offers a different way of assessing change in osteoarthritis.
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PMCID: PMC1001955  PMID: 3740990
3.  Polymorphic drug oxidation: pharmacokinetic basis and comparison of experimental indices. 
The pharmacokinetic basis for using various experimental indices, (urinary drug: metabolite and metabolite:drug + metabolite ratios, urinary metabolite recovery and AUC values), for detecting polymorphic oxidative drug metabolism was examined. Pharmacokinetic determinants in addition to partial metabolic clearance down the polymorphic route were identified in each index. The ability of the various indices to discriminate bimodality in population data was assessed using a computer simulation. With the exception of the AUC data, bimodality was apparent to varying extents in all of the frequency distributions and, in general, logarithmic transformation allowed clearer visualisation of the two phenotypic groups. Simulated distributions were compared with those observed experimentally for metoprolol and its alpha-hydroxy metabolite. Detailed pharmacokinetic data from controlled studies in small numbers of volunteers can form the basis of the input to the simulation programme. Inspection of the output may help in the design of further studies in larger numbers of subjects in whom only limited data collection is possible.
PMCID: PMC1401184  PMID: 3790400
4.  Ultrasound scanning and 99mTc sulphur colloid scintigraphy in diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome. 
Gut  1986;27(12):1502-1506.
Ultrasound scanning and 99mTc sulphur colloid scintigraphy are widely used in the diagnosis of the Budd-Chiari syndrome and have been compared at the time of presentation in 18 patients in whom the diagnosis was subsequently confirmed by histology and hepatic venography. Ultrasound was diagnostic in 16 (87%). The findings seen most often included hepatic vein abnormalities, caudate lobe hypertrophy with decreased reflectivity and compression of the inferior vena cava. Additional information not shown by scintigraphy included intracaval tumour, or thrombosis, and concomitant portal vein thrombosis. Although scintigraphic abnormalities were present in all patients, only in three (17%) was the 'classical' appearance of increased uptake and/or enlargement of the caudate lobe present. In one patient with nonspecific abnormalities on ultrasound, scintigraphy gave a positive diagnosis and it is in such cases that scintigraphy should continue to be used.
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PMCID: PMC1433960  PMID: 3542741
5.  Budd-Chiari syndrome presenting as fulminant hepatic failure. 
Gut  1986;27(9):1101-1105.
Two cases of the Budd-Chiari syndrome are described in whom the diagnosis was finally confirmed at necropsy. The presentation was with encephalopathy, occurring within eight weeks of first symptoms and coming therefore within the definition of fulminant hepatic failure. In one, thought to have non-A, non-B hepatitis, encephalopathy progressed to grade 4 coma with death 12 days after presentation. In the other, mistakenly thought to have intra-abdominal malignancy, an exploratory laparotomy exacerbated the encephalopathy with death three weeks later. In neither case were non-invasive investigations, such as ultrasound and isotope scanning, carried out which might have facilitated an earlier diagnosis and consideration for orthotopic liver transplantation, probably the most appropriate form of therapy for these very severe cases.
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PMCID: PMC1433808  PMID: 3758822

Results 1-6 (6)