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1.  Mild sickle-cell anaemia in Iran associated with high levels of fetal haemoglobin. 
Journal of Medical Genetics  1977;14(3):168-171.
Sixteen subjects, with sickle-cell anaemia, all Iranians (ages 3 to 56 years), with very mild symptomatology are reported. Some of the subjects had been totally asymptomatic. Splenomegaly was noted in 9 cases. There was an increase in the mean level of fetal haemoglobin (18%); this is the probable explanation for the mild phenotype. In 29 subjects with sickle-cell trait, the level of HbF was also significantly raised as compared with normal (1-6% vs. 0-6%). The mechanism of increased synthesis of HbF is unknown. The findings are similar to those reported in the Shiite Moslems of Saudi Arabia suggesting that in these populations there is a genetically-determined ability to produce high levels of Hb F in the presence of the sickle-cell gene.
PMCID: PMC1013550  PMID: 881705
2.  Effects of exercise on free serum cholesterol. 
Two age groups (young and old, n = 12) matched for physical fitness and two physical fitness groups (high and old, n = 12) matched for age participated in a four month physical fitness programme. Blood samples were drawn at four stages of metabolic stress at the pre-test and five stages at the post-test. The blood samples were analyzed by colorimetric methods for total cholesterol and free cholesterol. Statistical analysis revealed that: (1) Short-term exercise increased total cholesterol, free cholesterol, and the percent free cholesterol from the resting state to the submaximal and maximal exercise states. (2) There was no change in free serum cholesterol from the pre- to post-tests. (3) The high-fit group, compared with the low-fit group, had a lower free cholesterol level but had similar percent free cholesterol values. (4) There was no significant difference between age groups for either total serum cholesterol, free cholesterol, or the percent free cholesterol levels.
PMCID: PMC1859549  PMID: 861438

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