Search tips
Search criteria

Results 1-2 (2)

Clipboard (0)
Year of Publication
Document Types
author:("Han, silent N")
1.  Being Pregnant and Diagnosed with Breast Cancer 
Breast Care  2012;7(3):204-209.
Breast cancer during pregnancy (BCP) is an important subgroup within the young and very young breast cancer patients. It accounts for about 1% of all breast cancers. Due to an increased awareness, the attitude towards breast cancer during pregnancy has changed and, today, women with BCP are more likely to receive standard chemotherapy and have a term delivery instead of being advised to interrupt the pregnancy or undergo an early preterm delivery. This increased knowledge is based on small cohort studies and international collaborations such as the registry by the German Breast Group for BCP and the initiative of the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO). Guidelines and recommendations such as the German guidelines by the AGO (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie, and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines include recommendations for BCP. In general, surgery and chemotherapy (beyond the 13th week of gestation) can be safely performed during pregnancy. Chemotherapy should follow the treatment recommendations for breast cancer in young women. Trastuzumab, endocrine treatment, and radiotherapy are not indicated during pregnancy. Preterm delivery should be avoided as far as possible because it bears a higher risk of infant morbidity and mortality. The treatment of BCP should be planned within a multidisciplinary team including perinatologists, obstetricians and neonatologists.
PMCID: PMC3409382  PMID: 22872793
Breast cancer; Pregnancy; Chemotherapy; Guidelines
2.  Physiologic variations of serum tumor markers in gynecological malignancies during pregnancy: a systematic review 
BMC Medicine  2012;10:86.
Recent insights provide support for the treatment of cancer during pregnancy, a coincidence that poses both mother and fetus at risk. Our aim was to critically review studies on the physiologic variations during pregnancy, the most common tumor markers used in diagnosis and follow-up of gynecological cancers.
We conducted a systematic review of six tumor markers during normal pregnancy: carbohydrate antigen (CA) 15-3 (breast cancer); squamous cell carcinoma antigen (cervical cancer); and CA 125, anti-Müllerian hormone, inhibin B and lactate dehydrogenase (ovarian cancer).
For CA 15-3, 3.3% to 20.0% of all measurements were above the cut-off (maximum 56 U/mL in the third trimester). Squamous cell carcinoma antigen values were above cut-off in 3.1% and 10.5% of the measurements (maximum 4.3 µg/L in the third trimester). Up to 35% of CA 125 levels were above cut-off: levels were highest in the first trimester, with a maximum value up to 550 U/mL. Inhibin B, anti-Müllerian hormone and lactate dehydrogenase levels were not elevated in maternal serum during normal pregnancy.
During normal pregnancy, tumor markers including CA 15.3, squamous cell carcinoma antigen and CA 125 can be elevated; inhibin B, anti-Müllerian hormone and lactate dehydrogenase levels remain below normal cut-off values. Knowledge of physiological variations during pregnancy can be clinically important when managing gynecological cancers in pregnant patients.
PMCID: PMC3425318  PMID: 22873292
anti-Müllerian hormone; CA 125; CA 15-3; cancer; human epididymis secretory protein 4 (HE4); inhibin B; lactate dehydrogenase; pregnancy; squamous-cell carcinoma antigen tumor markers

Results 1-2 (2)