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1.  Critically endangered blonde capuchins fish for termites and use new techniques to accomplish the task 
Biology Letters  2011;7(4):532-535.
We report the spontaneous modification and use of sticks to fish for termites, above the ground, in wild blonde capuchins (Cebus flavius). These critically endangered Neotropical primates inhabit remnants of the Atlantic Forest. They used two previously undescribed techniques to enhance their termite capture success: nest tapping and stick rotation. The current ecologically based explanation for tool use in wild capuchins (i.e. terrestrial habits and bipedalism) must be viewed cautiously. Instead, remarkable manual skills linked to a varied diet seem important in promoting tool use in different contexts. The repertoire of tool-using techniques employed by wild capuchins has been expanded, highlighting the behavioural versatility in this genus.
doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0034
PMCID: PMC3130233  PMID: 21389018
tool use; manual skills; cognition; blonde capuchins; primates

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