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1.  Frequently Repeated Glucose Measurements Overestimate the Incidence of Inpatient Hypoglycemia and Severe Hyperglycemia 
Objective
The aim was to determine if frequently repeated glucose measurements mandated by an inpatient protocol led to falsely elevated reported rates of both hypo- and hyperglycemia.
Methods
In our academic medical center, a mandatory standardized subcutaneous insulin order form and protocol was implemented in May 2006. We analyzed point-of-care blood glucose (BG) measurements collected on all medical/surgical wards during the month of August in both 2005 and 2006 by all BGs measured, by patient admission, and by monitored patient-day. We then repeated all analyses using an algorithm that excluded BG values if another BG was measured less than 5 minutes later or 5-60 minutes earlier.
Results
In 2005 versus 2006, there were 7034 versus 8016 glucoses measured in 397 versus 389 patients over 1704 versus 1710 patient days, respectively. Analyses based on patient-day balanced differences in BG measurement frequency and patient length of stay. In both years, failure to exclude repeat values overestimated both the proportion of patient days with hypoglycemia (3.5% versus 1.8% in 2005, p = .003; 2.6% versus 1.3% in 2006, p = .007) and severe hyperglycemia (9.3% versus 7.4% in 2005, p = .09; 7.7% versus 5.9% in 2006, p = .08). Mean, median, and proportion of patient-day means within our target range (80-150 mg/dl) were not significantly different.
Conclusions
Glucometric reports should exclude repeated BG measurements from a single clinical episode of hypo- or hyperglycemia in order to accurately reflect inpatient glycemic control.
PMCID: PMC2901034  PMID: 20513323
glucometrics; glucose monitoring; hypoglycemia; inpatient diabetes

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