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1.  Metal Bezoars Causing Upper Gastrointestinal Obstruction in a Schizophrenic 
Metal bezoars are uncommon foreign bodies (FB) in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and comprised of a wide variety of objects. A 17-year-old schizophrenic presented with abdominal pain and distension along with non-bilious vomiting for 2 weeks. Physical examination revealed dullness to percussion in the epigastrium. Plain radiographs revealed objects of metal density contained within a dilated stomach. Laparotomy was performed revealing metal objects in stomach.
Keywords: Metal bezoars, Psychiatric illness, Intestinal obstruction
How to Cite: Siddiqui Z. Metal bezoars causing upper gastrointestinal obstruction in a schizophrenic. APSP J Case Rep 2011; 2:14
PMCID: PMC3418016  PMID: 22953281
6.  Neonatal Cullen's Sign 
PMCID: PMC4005086  PMID: 24834393
8.  A Case of Lymphoma Simulating Primary Sternal Tumour 
Any mass on the chest wall may not always be the primary local pathology. A case of lymphoma with an aggressive course may involve the sternum through local invasion and can mimic a chest wall tumour. A 15-year-old boy with mediastinal lymphoma presented with a sternal mass. Partial sternectomy with replacement by methyl methacrylate prosthesis was performed.
PMCID: PMC4005089  PMID: 24834383
Lymphoma; Sternum; Prosthesis
9.  Postoperative Intussusception in a Neonate with Congenital Cutis Laxa and Huge Hiatal Hernia 
Congenital cutis laxa is a genetically heterogeneous condition presenting in the newborn with loose, redundant skin folds, decreased elasticity of the skin, and general connective tissue involvement. A 2-day-old full term neonate with congenital cutis laxa presented with respiratory distress. Investigations revealed huge hiatal hernia. Patient underwent loose Nissen’s fundoplication. In postoperative period patient developed intussusception which was manually reduced at re-surgery.
PMCID: PMC4005090  PMID: 24834384
Congenital cutis laxa; Hiatal hernia; Postoperative intussusceptions
10.  Salvage Splenopexy for Torsion of Wandering Spleen in a Child 
The wandering spleen is a rare condition characterized by the absence or underdevelopment of one or all of the splenic suspensory ligaments that resulting in increased splenic mobility and rarely torsion. Preventing infarction is the aim of a prompt surgery by splenopexy. We report a case of salvage splenopexy in torsion of a wandering spleen in a three year old girl presented with severe abdominal pain for three days.
PMCID: PMC4005091  PMID: 24834385
Splenic torsion; Wandering spleen; Salvage splenopexy
11.  Lumbo-Costo-Vertebral Syndrome with Congenital Lumbar Hernia 
Lumbo-costo-vertebral syndrome (LCVS) is a set of rare abnormalities involving vertebral bodies, ribs, and abdominal wall. We present a case of LCVS in a 2-year-old girl who had a progressive swelling over left lumbar area noted for the last 12 months. Clinical examination revealed a reducible swelling with positive cough impulse. Ultrasonography showed a defect containing bowel loops in the left lumbar region. Chest x-ray showed scoliosis and hemivertebrae with absent lower ribs on left side. Meshplasty was done.
PMCID: PMC4005092  PMID: 24834386
Congenital lumbar hernia; Hemivertebra; Absent ribs; Meshplasty
12.  Sternal Cleft associated with Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Atrial Septal Defect, and Subglottic Hemangioma: A rarity 
We present a 2-day-old female neonate with cleft of the upper sternum, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), atrial septal defect (ASD), and subglottic hemangioma. Dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, abdominal ultrasonography, and imaging were performed. She underwent a surgical repair of sternal cleft in neonatal life. After 8 months, she developed respiratory distress, apnea due to subglottic hemangioma. She underwent urgent tracheostomy. Subglottic hemangioma was treated with the KTP532 laser.
PMCID: PMC4005093  PMID: 24834387
Sternal cleft; Subglottic hemangioma; PHACES syndrome
13.  Colovaginoplasty in a Case of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome 
Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome (MRKHS) is characterized by various abnormalities of paramesonephric duct structures; vaginal aplasia being the commonest anomaly in the spectrum. We report a 17-year-old girl; a case of MRKHS with vaginal agenesis. The cervix was present but atretic; uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries were normal. There were no associated renal or skeletal defects. Colovaginoplasty was done to bridge the gap between uterus and introitus. Postoperatively, small part of colovaginoplasty flap became necrotic posteriorly, which was ultimately managed by insetting of labial flap.
PMCID: PMC4005094  PMID: 24834388
Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome; Vaginal agenesis; Colovaginoplasty
14.  Two Cases of Omental Torsion Mimicking Acute Appendicitis 
Acute appendicitis is often simulated by other entities like mesenteric adenitis, worm infestation, Meckel’s diverticulitis, urinary tract infection and rarely omental torsion. We report two cases, a 6 year old boy and an 11 year old girl, who presented with symptoms and signs of acute appendicitis but upon exploration turned out to be omental torsion.
PMCID: PMC4005095  PMID: 24834389
Omental torsion; Omentectomy; Appendectomy
15.  Stage 4S Bilateral Adrenal Neuroblastoma in a Newborn 
Stage 4S bilateral adrenal neuroblastoma presenting in the neonatal period is extremely rare. A 1-day-old male with 4Sbilateral adrenal neuroblastoma complicated by marked hepatomegaly managed by chemotherapy is being reported. The provisional diagnosis of neuroblastoma was made in the fetal life during the last trimester of pregnancy. Cardiomyopathy due to doxorubicin cytotoxicity developed over ensuing years, which is being treated.
PMCID: PMC4005096  PMID: 24834390
Stage 4S; Bilateral adrenal neuroblastoma; Neonate
17.  Extrahepatic Biliary Papillomatosis in a Child 
In children, benign neoplasms of extrahepatic biliary ducts are extremely rare. We report a case of 3 year old girl who presented with abdominal pain and jaundice for 6 months. The final diagnosis on histopathology was papillomatosis in lower common bile duct.
PMCID: PMC3863823  PMID: 24381830
Extrahepatic biliary papillomatosis;  Common bile duct;  Polyp
18.  Isolated Soft Tissue Cysticercosis Involving the Trunk in Children: Report of 4 Cases 
Isolated soft tissue cysticercosis of the trunk in the absence of concurrent central nervous system involvement is uncommon and may be difficult to diagnose. We report 4 such cases in the pediatric age group. Preoperative diagnosis of soft tissue cysticercosis was considered only in 1 patient, the rest were diagnosed only after biopsy. Complete excision (without rupture) was done. All of them underwent a CT scan head along with ophthalmic examination to rule out the more common sites of occurrence of cysticercosis. No further treatment was undertaken as the evaluation was negative. In endemic areas like ours we must suspect this entity not only in the limb muscles, but also in the subcutaneous tissues of the trunk. If diagnosed accurately, it can be treated medically, eliminating the need for surgery.
PMCID: PMC3863824  PMID: 24381831
Cysticercosis; Taenia solium; Parasitic cyst
19.  Extra-Adrenal Myelolipoma: A Rare Entity in Paediatric Age Group 
Extra-adrenal myelolipoma is a well-described entity in adult population, however it is extremely rare in paediatric age group. An unusual case of intra-peritoneal extra-adrenal myelolipoma in an 8-year-old child is presented here. The lesion was incidentally detected while evaluating the patient for spasmodic abdominal pain. Ultrasonography followed by CT scan and MRI imaging suggested the diagnosis which was confirmed by histopathology. A non-surgical approach was adopted and there was no progression of the lesion on follow-up imaging.
PMCID: PMC3863825  PMID: 24381832
Extra-adrenal myelolipoma; Pain in abdomen; Child
20.  Perforated Appendicitis with Peri-Appendicular Abscess in an Amyand’s Hernia 
Amyand’s hernia is a rare clinical condition in which a normal or an inflamed appendix lies in the inguinal hernial sac. Perforated appendicitis in an Amyand’s hernia is even more uncommon. Herein we report such a rare case in a 4 month old baby who presented with an irreducible right inguino-scrotal swelling. Exploration revealed perforated appendix in the hernial sac with local abscess. A transherniotomy appendectomy was done. Postoperatively, the patient developed wound infection, which resolved with wound care. Pediatric / hernia surgeons must remember this rare clinical situation while managing children with acute right inguino-scrotal swellings.
PMCID: PMC3863826  PMID: 24381833
Amyand’s hernia; Perforated appendix; Peri-appendicular abscess
21.  Pedicled Omental Onlay Flap for Post-Traumatic Intrahepatic Major Ductal Injury 
We report a 5-year-old girl who presented with post traumatic biliary leakage that failed to respond to conservative management for two weeks. Surgical exploration in the third week revealed a partially healed 5 cm long hepatic laceration in the right lobe of the liver. Bile was found leaking through a rent in the major right intra-hepatic duct at the apex of liver laceration. A pedicled onlay omental flap was used to buttress this rent as direct closure was not possible due to friable tissue. The child recovered uneventfully.
PMCID: PMC3863827  PMID: 24381834
Post traumatic intra-hepatic bile duct; Omental flap; Bile leak
22.  Pediatric Priapism: A Rare First Manifestation of Leukemia 
Priapism is a rare disease. It is an emergency condition with a poor prognosis, and the risk of impotence is 50% despite appropriate management. Though about 20% cases of all priapism are related to hematological disorders, the incidence of priapism in adult leukemic patients is only about 1-5 percent. The incidence in pediatric leukemia patient is even rarer. Here we present a case of priapism in a 14-year-old apparently healthy boy who found to have chronic myeloid leukemia on subsequent investigations.
PMCID: PMC3863828  PMID: 24381835
Priapism; Leukemia; Child
23.  Two Cases of Late-Diagnosed Ovotesticular Disorder of Sex Development 
Ovotesticular disorder of sex development (ovotesticular DSD) is defined as the presence of testicular and ovarian tissue in the same individual. Both external and internal genitalia of patients with ovotesticular DSD display a spectrum of phenotypes. Most children present with ambiguous genitalia in combination with unilateral or bilateral undescended gonads. We experienced two late-diagnosed children who presented with proximal hypospadias and bilateral scrotal gonads. One should consider the possibility of ovotesticular DSD when managing patients with proximal hypospadias even if both gonads are palpable in the scrotum.
PMCID: PMC3863829  PMID: 24381836
Disorder of sex development; Ovotestis; Hypospadias
24.  Congenital Spigelian Hernia and Cryptorchidism: Another Case of New Syndrome 
Spigelian hernia (SH) is rarely seen in pediatric age group and is usually associated with cryptorchidism on the same side; termed as a syndromic association of the defect in the Spigelian fascia and absence of gubernaculum and inguinal canal. The absence of the inguinal canal has surgical implication as to placement of the undescended testis into the scrotum. A 3-month-old baby presented with spigelian hernia and ipsilateral impalpable testis. The spigelian hernia was repaired and undescended testis which was present in abdominal wall layers was brought to scrotum with cord structures anterior to external oblique muscle.
PMCID: PMC3863830  PMID: 24381837
Spigelian hernia; Cryptorchidism; Inguinal canal; Agenesis
25.  Child with a Tail 
Spina Bifida occulta usually presents with some cutaneous stigmata e.g. hair patch, sinus, lipoma, hyperpigmented skin and very rarely a congenital tail. A congenital tail may and may not be associated with spina bifida occulta and tethered cord. A four month old male child presented with congenital tail which was associated with spinal dysraphism and caused tethering of the cord itself. The tail and tethering lesion were excised successfully.
PMCID: PMC3863831  PMID: 24381838
Spina bifida; Spinal dysraphism; Congenital tail; Tethered spinal cord

Results 1-25 (141)