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2.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1061264
3.  A cohort study on the mortality of firefighters. 
This study was set up to investigate the effect of exposure to combustion effluents on the chronic health of firefighters. A cohort of firefighters was followed up through 10 years with regard to cause specific mortality. Comparisons were made with another cohort of civil servants and salaried employees in physically demanding jobs. After a latency of five years, an excess mortality from cancer was seen for persons aged 30 to 74 (standardised mortality ratio (SMR) 173, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 104-270). A significant increase in lung cancer was seen in the group aged 60 to 74 (SMR 317, 95% CI 117-691), whereas non-pulmonary cancer was significantly increased in the group aged 30 to 49 (SMR 575, 95% CI 187-1341). It is concluded that inhalation of carcinogenic and toxic compounds during firefighting may constitute an occupational cancer risk. An extended use of respiratory protective equipment is advocated.
PMCID: PMC1035284  PMID: 2271386
4.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1007440
5.  Occupational exposure and cancer of the pancreas: a review. 
Many hypotheses have been proposed about the aetiology of cancer of the pancreas, especially concerning the effects of tobacco, coffee, alcohol, diet, and pancreatic pathology. Results of numerous epidemiological studies are, however, inconsistent. Chemical carcinogens have been implicated as possible risk factors. Animal studies have been carried out to determine the role of these chemical factors but, except for nitrosamines and their derivatives (components of tobacco), chemicals have not been proved carcinogenic for the pancreas. Many studies have also been conducted among occupational groups. Several of them showed an excess risk of cancer of the pancreas, especially in the chemical and petroleum industries. The lack of accuracy about the nature of products used, however, does not permit a definitive conclusion as to their carcinogenic role. This paper is a review of publications about occupational exposures and cancer of the pancreas.
PMCID: PMC1035428  PMID: 1911399
6.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1035208
7.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1007880
8.  Update on lung disease in coalminers. 
PMCID: PMC1007797  PMID: 3548801
9.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1007796
10.  non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and occupation in Sweden: a registry based analysis. 
Incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in different employment categories was evaluated from the Swedish Cancer-Environment Registry, which links cancer incidence during 1961 to 1979 with occupational information from the 1960 census. New associations were found for men employed in shoemaking and shoe repair, porcelain and earthenware industries, education, and other white collar occupations. Several findings supported associations found in other countries, including excesses among woodworkers, furniture makers, electric power plant workers, farmers, dairy workers, lorry drivers, and other land transport workers. Risks were not increased among chemists, chemical or rubber manufacturing workers, or petrochemical refinery workers. Caution must be used in drawing causal inferences from these linked registry data because information on exposure and duration of employment is not available. Nevertheless, this study has suggested new clues to possible occupational determinants of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
PMCID: PMC1061238  PMID: 8431395
11.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1039283
12.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1012117
13.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1012054
14.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1035413
15.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1007491
16.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1012139
17.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1035461
18.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1012023
19.  Exposure to asbestos and the risk of gastrointestinal cancer: a reassessment. 
In 1964 it was first reported that asbestos workers had a higher risk of gastrointestinal cancer. This notion has persisted despite several studies that have found no increased risk. The risks of gastrointestinal cancer to workers exposed to asbestos were reassessed, based on the results of published studies on 32 independent cohorts of asbestos workers. Not all studies provided risk estimates (SMRs) for all gastrointestinal sites (ICD codes 150-159). No consistent evidence was found to indicate that exposure to asbestos increases the risk of gastrointestinal cancer. Generally, the higher SMRs came from studies conducted in the United States or Canada and might reflect factors not related to exposure to asbestos. In studies in which asbestos exposed and non-asbestos exposed workers were evaluated the SMRs were not consistently higher for the group exposed to asbestos. There was no apparent dose response relation between accumulated asbestos dose and the risk of gastrointestinal cancer. It is concluded that there is no dose response relation between exposure to asbestos and risk of gastrointestinal cancer, and asbestos workers are not at an increased risk of gastrointestinal cancer.
PMCID: PMC1007949  PMID: 3342198
20.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1007921
22.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1061282
23.  Malignant melanoma of the skin among workers in a telecommunications industry: mortality study 1976-83. 
An incidence study of malignant melanoma of the skin (MMS), conducted previously among the workers of four plants of a large telecommunications industry located in Montreal, Canada, showed a standardised incidence ratio of 2.7 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.3-5.02) for the years 1976 to 1983. To describe more precisely the magnitude of the problem a mortality study was started among the same population (n = 9590) for the same period (1976-83). At the end of 1983, 9180 workers were alive, 261 were dead, and 149 (1.5%) were not traced. Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) for all causes of death were surprisingly low for men (SMR = 0.57; 95% CI 0.50-0.64) and women (SMR = 0.56; 95% CI 0.37-0.82). The SMRs for major causes of death were also less than expected. These results may be explained by a pronounced selection bias (healthy worker effect) and by the short duration of follow up (eight years). For MMS, two deaths occurred among men (SMR = 2.00; 95% CI 0.24-7.22) and one among women (SMR = 4.81; 95% CI 0.12-26.78). A third man who died of MMS was miscoded as having a primary pulmonary melanoma. Including this case increased the SMR for MMS to 3.00 (95% CI 0.62-8.77; p = 0.08). Polyvinyl chloride and polychlorinated biphenyls were used in the plants and some of the workers did soldering. A planned case-control study will investigate other possible exposures at work.
PMCID: PMC1012149  PMID: 1419862
24.  Byssinosis in developing countries. 
PMCID: PMC1012101  PMID: 1571290
25.  [No title available] 
PMCID: PMC1012084

Results 1-25 (5460)