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1.  Vesicovaginal Fistula: Diagnosis and Management 
The Indian Journal of Surgery  2012;76(2):131-136.
Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is still a major cause for concern in many developing countries. It represents a significant morbidity in female urology. Continual wetness, odor, and discomfort cause serious social problems. The diagnosis of the condition has traditionally been based on clinical methods and dye testing. A successful repair of such fistulas requires an accurate diagnostic evaluation and timely repair using procedures that exploit basic surgical principles and the application of interposition flaps. The method of closure depends on the surgeon’s training and experience. The main complication of VVF surgery is recurrent fistula formation.
doi:10.1007/s12262-012-0787-y
PMCID: PMC4039689  PMID: 24891778
VVF; Complications; Diagnosis; Surgical principles
2.  Intracystic Papillary Carcinoma of the Breast in Males. In Search of the Optimal Treatment for this Rare Disease 
Breast Care  2011;6(5):399-403.
Intracystic papillary carcinoma (IPC) of the breast in men is an extremely infrequent disease, and it appears to have a good prognosis. Because of this, histological findings are of great importance in the decision-making process regarding treatment. Clinical examination, radiological and histological assessments are required for early detection. Adequate surgical excision with negative margins is mandatory. However, the role of sentinel node biopsy has not been evaluated in male IPC. It appears that sentinel node biopsy may be an excellent alternative to radical axillary dissection in patients with IPC and associated ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive carcinoma. Nevertheless, due to the rarity of IPC and its confusing histopathological classification and staging, there are still no clear guidelines as far as IPC treatment is concerned.
doi:10.1159/000331386
PMCID: PMC3357144  PMID: 22619652
Breast cancer; Man; IPC; DCIS; Papilloma

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