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1.  Myocardial Hydatid Cyst in a Young Male Patient Who Feeds Pet at Home: A Case Report 
Hydatid cysts are rarely asymptomatic depending on their location. Complaints may be only relevant due to secondary problems. This paper presents a case report of a myocardial hydatid cyst which was totally excised under cardiopulmonary bypass operation with median sternotomy. Patient was admitted to the hospital with complaint of atypical chest pain in pungent manner together with shortness of breath. Various methods are used for diagnosis. However, echocardiography and computerized tomography with contrast are usually enough for definitive diagnosis and for deciding the strategy of operation. Curative excision must be performed. Extra care should be provided during the operation in order to prevent contamination. Postoperative appropriate antibiotherapy must be administered. Environment should be changed, and infrastructure must be improved in order to prevent further recurrences.
doi:10.1155/2012/413815
PMCID: PMC3513721  PMID: 23227420
2.  Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma in a Breast Affected by Burn Scars: Comprehensive Literature Review and Case Report 
Breast Care  2011;6(4):293-297.
Summary
Background: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC), which is primarily found in the salivary glands, is rarely seen in the breast. These tumors usually develop from squamous and mucus-secreting cells. Histological grading is an important prognostic factor. Case Report: We present herein a case of a 69-year-old female patient with a painful mass in the left breast. Of importance is that, in addition to MEC, the patient had a wide area of scar tissue secondary to a burn that completely occupied the left bottom quadrant of the abdomen and retracted the left nipple up to the left upper quadrant. Fine needle aspiration biopsy was negative, and a lumpectomy was performed. Because the pathology results were consistent with MEC, modified radical mastectomy with subsequent adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy was performed. The patient remained disease-free for 12 months after the treatment. In addition to a discussion of this case, we performed a review of the clinicopathological characteristics of 30 cases with breast MEC reported in the English language literature between 1979 and 2010. Conclusions: MEC of the breast is a rarely seen tumor, and this is the first report of MEC in a breast affected by burn scars.
doi:10.1159/000331316
PMCID: PMC3225215  PMID: 22135628
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma; Breast; Burn
3.  Radiological Imaging Features of Fasciola hepatica Infection – A Pictorial Review 
Fascioliasis refers to a zoonosis caused by Fasciola hepatica, a trematode infecting herbivores, but also occurs in humans who ingest the metacercaria found in fresh water plants. Infection in humans is common in developing countries and is also not uncommon in Europe. Diagnosis of this infection is difficult, as the history and symptoms are nonspecific and stool analysis for eggs is negative until the disease is in an advanced state by when the parasite has reached the biliary system. The clinical course consists of two phases; first a hepatic parenchymal phase in which immature larvae invade the liver parenchyma, followed by a ductal phase characterized by the excretion of larvae into the bile ducts. Parenchymal Phase: Ultrasonography (US) findings are nonspecific in this early phase. Computerized tomography (CT) may demonstrate subcapsular low attenuation regions in the liver. Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI) can also be utilized to establish liver parenchymal involvement, and is better than CT in characterizing hemorrhagic lesions, as well as identifying more lesions relative to CT. Ductal Phase: US examination is most useful at this stage, with its ability to demonstrate the live movement of the worms within the dilated ducts. A CT demonstrates dilated central biliary ducts with periportal tracking, whereas, mild ductal dilatation is poorly appreciated under MRI. Therefore, familiarity with the multimodality imaging features of fascioliasis, in combination with an available confirmatory enzyme-linked immunoassay, would be most helpful for early diagnosis.
doi:10.4103/2156-7514.92372
PMCID: PMC3279695  PMID: 22347685
Fascioliasis; Fasciola hepatica; radiological imaging features; amoebic abscess; hydatid disease; pyogenic abscess

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