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author:("cauchy, R.")
1.  Oscillation of Clock and Clock Controlled Genes Induced by Serum Shock in Human Breast Epithelial and Breast Cancer Cells: Regulation by Melatonin 
This study investigates differences in expression of clock and clock-controlled genes (CCGs) between human breast epithelial and breast cancer cells and breast tumor xenografts in circadian intact rats and examines if the pineal hormone melatonin influences clock gene and CCG expression. Oscillation of clock gene expression was not observed under standard growth conditions in vitro, however, serum shock (50% horse serum for 2 h) induced oscillation of clock gene and CCG expression in MCF-10A cells, which was repressed or disrupted in MCF-7 cells. Melatonin administration following serum shock differentially suppressed or induced clock gene (Bmal1 and Per2) and CCG expression in MCF10A and MCF-7 cells. These studies demonstrate the lack of rhythmic expression of clock genes and CCGs of cells in vitro and that transplantation of breast cancer cells as xenografts into circadian competent hosts re-establishes a circadian rhythm in the peripheral clock genes of tumor cells.
PMCID: PMC3448497  PMID: 23012497
melatonin; clock genes; circadian; serum shock; breast cancer
2.  Uptake of plasma lipids by tissue-isolated hepatomas 7288CTC and 7777 in vivo. 
British Journal of Cancer  1992;66(2):290-296.
The uptake of myristic (C14:0), palmitic (C16:0), palmitoleic (C:16,N-7), stearic (C18:0), oleic (C18:1,N-9), linoleic (C18:2,N-6) and arachidonic (C20:4,N-6) acids from plasma free fatty acids (FFA), triglycerides (TGA), phospholipids (PL) and cholesterol esters (CE) was measured in tissue-isolated hepatomas 7288CTC and 7777 in vivo. Adult tumour-bearing Buffalo rats were fed a normal chow diet ad libitum and were subjected to darkness from 1800 to 0600 h. Arterial plasma levels of FFA, TGA, PL and CE were increased during the dark period without change in fatty acid compositions. Arteriovenous difference measurements of tumour lipid uptake were performed between 0600 and 0900 h and included both high (dark) and low (light) arterial blood lipid concentrations. The rate of lipid uptake from each lipid class was directly dependent on the rate of supply of the lipid to the tumour. The efficiency of uptake, however, depended on the type of plasma lipid and the tumour. During one pass of arterial blood, hepatoma 7288CTC (n = 5 to 13) removed 46, 33, 36 and 31%, and hepatoma 7777 (n = 7 to 9) removed 48, 50, 52 and 49% of the fatty acids supplied in FFA, TGA, PL and CE, respectively. Perfusion of tissue-isolated tumours in situ with donor blood containing plasma free (1-14C)palmitic acid showed that 14C-palmitic acid was removed from the arterial blood and was incorporated into tumour lipids and that 14CO2 was released into the tumour venous blood. Uptake of the seven fatty acids over a 24 h period was greatest from PL greater than TGA greater than FFA greater than CE and was estimated to total 18.1 +/- 3.5 mg fatty acids g-1 for hepatoma 7288CTC and 25.9 +/- 3.5 mg fatty acids g-1 for hepatoma 7777. Both hepatoma 7288CTC and 7777 grew at a rate of about 1 g day-1 and contained 13.4 +/- 2.5 and 10.6 +/- 3.9 mg of these 7 fatty acids g-1 tumour wet weight, respectively. We conclude that these two tumours obtain all of the fatty acids needed for daily growth from host arterial blood.
PMCID: PMC1977816  PMID: 1503901
3.  The effect of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids on 3H-thymidine incorporation in hepatoma 7288CTC perfused in situ. 
British Journal of Cancer  1992;66(2):297-303.
Ingestion of diets containing corn oil or marine fish oils is known to increase or decrease, respectively, the growth of transplantable rodent tumours. The active agents in these oils have been identified as linoleic acid (in corn oil) and omega-3 fatty acids (in marine oils), but it is still not known how they influence the tumour growth processes. In these experiments we examined the effects of plasma free omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids on the rate of 3H-thymidine incorporation in tissue-isolated hepatoma 7288CTC perfused in situ. Host Buffalo rats were fed an essential fatty acid-deficient diet. Plasma and tumours in these animals contained low endogenous levels of both omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. Perfusion of these tumours for 2 h with donor whole blood containing added omega-6 free fatty acids, including 0.5 mM linoleic (C18:2,N-6), gamma-linolenic (C18:3,N-6), dihomo-gamma-linolenic (C20:3,N-6) or arachidonic acids (C20:4,N-6), increased the rate of 3H-thymidine incorporation. Linoleic acid was about three times more effective than the other omega-6 fatty acids. Typical hyperbolic substrate-saturation curves were observed as the plasma free linoleate or arachidonate concentration was increased. When perfused alone plasma free omega-3 fatty acids had no effect on tumour 3H-thymidine incorporation, but in the presence of linoleic acid the omega-3 fatty acids, alpha-linolenic (C18:3,N-3) and eicosapentaenoic (C20:5,N-3), competitively inhibited both tumour linoleate uptake and the stimulative effect on 3H-thymidine incorporation. The results suggest that the ambient plasma free linoleic and arachidonic acid concentrations in host arterial blood directly influence the rate of tumour DNA synthesis. Plasma free omega-3 fatty acids appear to modulate the effect of linoleic acid by competitively inhibiting its uptake. These relationships could explain the actions of dietary linoleic and omega-3 fatty acids on tumour growth in vivo.
PMCID: PMC1977789  PMID: 1503902

Results 1-3 (3)