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1.  Glaucopsia—blue-grey vision 
Jones, W. T., and Kipling, M. D. (1972).Brit. J. industr. Med.,29, 460-461. Glaucopsia—blue-grey vision. Blue-grey vision due to the effect of certain amines on the eye is a recognized but generally little known phenomenon. We review previous accounts of the condition and describe our experience of its occurrences. We consider the condition should be known as `glaucopsia'.
PMCID: PMC1069461  PMID: 4539087
2.  Oil and Cancer 
A relatively high incidence of cancer of the skin, especially of the scrotum, due to occupational contact with mineral oil has been observed among shale oil workers and cotton mule spinners and, since the Second World War, among machine operators in the Birmingham region. A study has been made of the factors causing this high incidence and evidence is given that the respiratory and digestive tracts as well as the skin may be affected. The preventive measures are described and the suggestion made that they appear at the present time to be effective.
PMCID: PMC2388431  PMID: 4858528
4.  Lead Poisoning in Jewellery Enamellers 
Lead poisoning in jewellery enamellers in Birmingham has been described both at the beginning of this century and again in recent years. The condition arises from the habit of some workers of placing the enamel applicator in the mouth. The history of the hazard is reviewed and an investigation described.
PMCID: PMC1008630  PMID: 6073093
5.  Percivall Pott and cancer scroti. 
PMCID: PMC1008067  PMID: 1098690
7.  Legislation and accident prevention: a historical review. 
Medical History  1966;10(4):400-404.
PMCID: PMC1033644  PMID: 5331696
8.  Stannosis in Hearth Tinners 
There have been no published reports of stannosis in tinners. In this paper its occurrence in hearth tinners is described.
In hearth tinning molten tin is poured into heated iron hollow-ware and smoothed over the internal surface with a cork bat. Ammonium chloride powder is used as a flux. It is considered that fumes arising in the process from the reaction of the flux and the tin caused a concentration of tin compounds in the atmosphere, and this was the mechanism by which stannosis was produced.
The literature on stannosis and tinning is reviewed.
PMCID: PMC1038361  PMID: 14180484
9.  Arsine Poisoning in a Slag-Washing Plant 
An investigation was carried out in an aluminium recovery works after the simultaneous occurrence of haemolytic anaemia in two workers in the slag disposal plant.
The first worker was admitted to hospital suffering from nausea, backache, and haematuria. Jaundice developed on the next day. His urine contained protein, urobilin, haemoglobin, and methaemoglobin but no red cells. During the course of his illness the haemoglobin was reduced to 6·8 g./100 ml. There was no abnormality of the blood film and red cell fragility was normal.
A fellow worker was affected at the same time and was treated at home for the same symptoms. Examination five days later showed a haemoglobin level similar to that of the first worker.
He had suffered the same symptoms eight years previously, and at this time another worker had suffered from jaundice at home and a third had been investigated for neurological symptoms.
Ten years previously another worker had been admitted to hospital with anaemia, jaundice, and haemoglobinuria.
At this works scrap aluminium is melted with sodium chloride and fluorspar as a flux. The slag from the furnace is later broken up and dissolved in a rotating drum by a stream of water. The soluble portion is carried into a lagoon, whilst the 3% aluminium is retained in the drum and discharged weekly. Two men are employed at a time and another six have been employed in the past 10 years.
Five parts per million of arsine were found to be present in the atmosphere during slag washing, but higher levels would have occurred on the occasions when slag from the making of an aluminium copper alloy from copper with an arsenic content was similarly treated.
The mechanism of arsenic production is discussed and the literature on the role of aluminium reviewed.
PMCID: PMC1039192  PMID: 14106139
11.  Hard Metal Disease 
In Great Britain there have been no published reports of respiratory disease occurring amongst workers in the hard metal (tungsten carbide) industry. In this paper the clinical and radiological findings in six cases and the pathological findings in one are described. In two cases physiological studies indicated mild alveolar diffusion defects. Histological examination in a fatal case revealed diffuse pulmonary interstitial fibrosis with marked peribronchial and perivascular fibrosis and bronchial epithelial hyperplasia and metaplasia. Radiological surveys revealed the sporadic occurrence and low incidence of the disease. The alterations in respiratory mechanics which occurred in two workers following a day's exposure to dust are described. Airborne dust concentrations are given.
The industrial process is outlined and the literature is reviewed. The toxicity of the metals is discussed, and our findings are compared with those reported from Europe and the United States.
We are of the opinion that the changes which we would describe as hard metal disease are caused by the inhalation of dust at work and that the component responsible may be cobalt.
PMCID: PMC1038217  PMID: 13970036

Results 1-11 (11)