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1.  Two cases of variceal haemorrhage during living-donor liver transplantation 
BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia  2011;106(4):537-539.
Some patients with cirrhosis experience rupture of venous varices before operation, and liver transplantation is a therapy of last resort for these patients. However, we have experienced two cases of intraoperative rupture in whom no abnormalities of the venous varices were seen on endoscopy before operation. One patient with ruptured gastrointestinal varices was treated by direct surgical ligation and the other with ruptured oesophageal gastric varices, spontaneously recovered with a Sengstaken–Blakemore tube. These cases suggest that acute variceal haemorrhage should always be considered as a possibility during living-donor liver transplantation in patients with a history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Careful observation of the nasogastic tube is important during clamping of the hepatic portal vein.
PMCID: PMC3060377  PMID: 21324927
living-donor liver transplantation; portal hypertension; variceal haemorrhage
2.  A melibiose transporter and an operon containing its gene in Enterobacter cloacae. 
Journal of Bacteriology  1997;179(13):4443-4445.
We detected inducible melibiose transport activity in cells of Enterobacter cloacae IID977. H+, but not Na+, was found to be the coupling cation for this transporter. We cloned and sequenced the gene encoding the melibiose transporter. A homology search of a protein sequence database revealed that this melibiose transporter has high sequence similarity with the lactose transporter (LacY) and the raffinose transporter (RafB) and has some similarity with the melibiose transporter (MelB) of Escherichia coli.
PMCID: PMC179276  PMID: 9209070
3.  Epidemiological study of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections in japan based on PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism of the P1 cytadhesin gene. 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  1996;34(2):447-449.
Two hundred fifty strains of Mycoplasma pneumoniae isolated during the past 20 years in Japan were classified into two groups (I and II) based upon different PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism patterns of their P1 cytadhesin genes. Clear shifts between the M. pneumoniae groups were observed but did not appear to be correlated with M. pneumoniae epidemic cycles. Patients' sera showed relatively higher levels of antiadhesin antibodies to M. pneumoniae strains homologous with the infecting strain.
PMCID: PMC228818  PMID: 8789036
4.  Conversion of the Salmonella phase 1 flagellin gene fliC to the phase 2 gene fljB on the Escherichia coli K-12 chromosome. 
Journal of Bacteriology  1993;175(3):758-766.
The Escherichia coli-Salmonella typhimurium-Salmonella abortus-equi hybrid strain EJ1420 has the two Salmonella flagellin genes fliC (antigenic determinant i) and fljB (determinant e,n,x) at the same loci as in the Salmonella strains and constitutively expresses the fliC gene because of mutations in the genes mediating phase variation. Selection for motility in semisolid medium containing anti-i flagellum serum yielded 11 motile mutants, which had the active fliC(e,n,x) and silent fljB(e,n,x) genes. Genetic analysis and Southern hybridization indicated that they had mutations only in the fliC gene, not in the fljB gene or the control elements for phase variation. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the fliC(e,n,x) genes from four representative mutants showed that the minimum 38% (565 bp) and maximum 68% (1,013 bp) sequences of the fliC(i) gene are replaced with the corresponding sequences of the fljB(e,n,x) gene. One of the conversion endpoints between the two genes lies somewhere in the 204-bp homologous sequence in the 5' constant region, and the other lies in the short homologous sequence of 6, 8, or 38 bp in the 3' constant region. The conversions include the whole central variable region of the fljB gene, resulting in fliC(e,n,x) genes with the same number of nucleotides (1,503 bp) as the fljB gene. We discuss the mechanisms for gene conversion between the two genes and also some intriguing aspects of flagellar antigenic specificities in various Salmonella serovars from the viewpoint of gene conversion.
PMCID: PMC196215  PMID: 8423149
5.  High-frequency transformation method and library transducing vectors for cloning mammalian cDNAs by trans-complementation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1990;18(22):6485-6489.
We describe a highly efficient alkali cation method and library transducing vectors for cloning mammalian cDNAs by trans-complementation of fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe mutants. cDNA libraries constructed with the pcD or pcD2 vector are transduced into yeast by cotransfection with a linearized vector, which allows an enhanced homologous recombination between the yeast vector and the library plasmid leading to the efficient formation of concatemers containing pcD molecules. The transformation frequencies obtained by the method are 10(6) colonies per 10(8) cells transfected with 2 micrograms of library and 1 microgram of vector, 50-60% of which contain pcD molecules. The high-efficiency alkali cation method circumvents many of the shortcomings of the spheroplast method generally used for Schiz. pombe transfection. The vectors are maximized for the efficiency of library transduction and minimized for the rearrangements of pcD molecules during propagation in yeast. This system allows rapid screening of multi-million cDNA clone libraries for rare cDNAs in a routine scale of experiments. Using this system, various mammalian cDNAs that are extremely difficult, time-consuming, or unclonable to clone by other methods have been cloned.
PMCID: PMC332599  PMID: 2251111
6.  The ste4+ gene, essential for sexual differentiation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe, encodes a protein with a leucine zipper motif. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1991;19(25):7043-7047.
Ste4- mutants of Schizosaccharomyces pombe are unable to undergo both mating and meiosis. We have cloned the ste4+ gene and its cDNA. The gene encodes a 264 amino acid protein with a typical leucine zipper motif homologous with the jun family. However, unlike the jun family, this protein does not have a typical basic region that precedes the leucine zipper. The transcription of this gene absolutely depends on the ste11+ gene and increases several fold upon nitrogen starvation, a general signal for sexual differentiation. Whereas ste4+ is essential for mating and meiosis, its overexpression inhibits these processes.
PMCID: PMC332508  PMID: 1766866

Results 1-6 (6)