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British journal of anaesthesia (1)
Hasnie, F. S. (2)
Rice, A. S. C. (2)
Blackbeard, J. (1)
Breuer, J. (1)
Dickenson, A. H. (1)
Hefner, K. (1)
Holmes, A. (1)
Kinchington, P.R. (1)
Lever, I. (1)
Parker, S. (1)
Pheby, T. (1)
Wallace, V. (1)
Wallace, V. C. J. (1)
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author:("hasnain, F. S.")
Mechanical and cold hypersensitivity in nerve-injured C57BL/6J mice is not associated with fear-avoidance- and depression-related behaviour
Wallace, V. C. J.
Rice, A. S. C.
British journal of anaesthesia
Neuropathic pain is associated with significant co-morbidity, including anxiety and depression, which impact considerably on the overall patient experience. However, pain co-morbidity symptoms are rarely assessed in animal models of neuropathic pain. To improve the clinical validity of a widely used rodent model of traumatic peripheral neuropathy, we have investigated fear-avoidance- and depression-related behaviours in nerve-injured and sham-operated mice over a 4 week period.
Male C57BL/6J mice were subjected to partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL) or sham surgery and were assessed on days 7, 14, and 28 after operation. Withdrawal thresholds to punctate mechanical and cooling stimuli were measured. Mice were tested on the novel open-field and elevated plus-maze tests for fear-avoidance behaviour, and on the tail suspension test for depression-related behaviour.
Hypersensitivity to punctate mechanical and cool stimuli was evident up to day 28 after PSNL. However, there was no change in fear-avoidance- or depression-related behaviours regardless of interval after-surgery.
These data demonstrate that pain behaviour in nerve-injured C57BL/6J mice was not associated with alterations in emotion-related behaviours.
mouse; pain, chronic; pain, neuropathic; pain, psychological variables; research, animal
Further characterisation of a rat model of varicella zoster virus (VZV)-associated pain
Dickenson, A. H.
Rice, A. S. C.
Persistent herpes zoster-associated pain is a significant clinical problem and an area of largely unmet therapeutic need. Progress in elucidating the underlying pathophysiology of zoster-associated pain and related co-morbidity behaviour, in addition to appropriately targeted drug development has been hindered by the lack of an appropriate animal model. This study further characterises a recently developed rat model of zoster-associated hypersensitivity and investigates (a) response to different viral strains; (b) relationship between viral inoculum concentration (‘dose’) and mechanical hypersensitivity (‘response’); (c) attenuation of virus-associated mechanical hypersensitivity by clinically useful analgesic drugs; and (d) measurement of pain co-morbidity (anxiety-like behaviour) and pharmacological intervention in the open field paradigm (in parallel with models of traumatic peripheral nerve injury). VZV was propagated on fibroblast cells before subcutaneous injection into the glabrous footpad of the left hind limb of adult male Wistar rats. Control animals received injection of uninfected fibroblast cells. Hind-limb reflex withdrawal thresholds to mechanical, noxious thermal and cooling stimuli were recorded at specified intervals post-infection. Infection with all viral strains was associated with a dose-dependent mechanical hypersensitivity but not a thermal or cool hypersensitivity. Systemic treatment with intraperitoneal (i.p.) morphine (2.5mg/kg), amitriptyline (10mg/kg), gabapentin (30mg/kg), (S)-(+)-ibuprofen (20mg/kg) and the cannnabinoid WIN55,212-2 (2mg/kg) but not the antiviral, acyclovir (50mg/kg), was associated with a reversal of mechanical paw withdrawal thresholds. In the open field paradigm, virus-infected and nerve-injured animals demonstrated an anxiety-like pattern of ambulation (reduced entry into the central area of the open arena) which was positively correlated with mechanical hypersensitivity. This may reflect pain-related comorbidity. Further, anxiety-like behaviour was attenuated by acute i.p. administration of gabapentin (30mg/kg) in nerve-injured, but not virus-infected animals. This model will prove useful in elucidating the pathophysiology of zoster-associated pain and provide a tool for pre-clinical screening of analgesic drugs.
zoster-associated pain; postherpetic neuralgia; neuropathy; analgesia; open field; anxiety-like behaviour
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