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author:("wikström, M")
1.  The novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor AKN-028 has significant antileukemic activity in cell lines and primary cultures of acute myeloid leukemia 
Blood Cancer Journal  2012;2(8):e81-.
Aberrantly expressed tyrosine kinases have emerged as promising targets for drug development in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We report that AKN-028, a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), is a potent FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) inhibitor (IC50=6 nℳ), causing dose-dependent inhibition of FLT3 autophosphorylation. Inhibition of KIT autophosphorylation was shown in a human megakaryoblastic leukemia cell line overexpressing KIT. In a panel of 17 cell lines, AKN-028 showed cytotoxic activity in all five AML cell lines included. AKN-028 triggered apoptosis in MV4-11 by activation of caspase 3. In primary AML samples (n=15), AKN-028 induced a clear dose-dependent cytotoxic response (mean IC50 1 μℳ). However, no correlation between antileukemic activity and FLT3 mutation status, or to the quantitative expression of FLT3, was observed. Combination studies showed synergistic activity when cytarabine or daunorubicin was added simultaneously or 24 h before AKN-028. In mice, AKN-028 demonstrated high oral bioavailability and antileukemic effect in primary AML and MV4-11 cells, with no major toxicity observed in the experiment. In conclusion, AKN-028 is a novel TKI with significant preclinical antileukemic activity in AML. Possible sequence-dependent synergy with standard AML drugs and good oral bioavailability has made it a candidate drug for clinical trials (ongoing).
doi:10.1038/bcj.2012.28
PMCID: PMC3432483  PMID: 22864397
acute myeloid leukemia; drug development; tyrosine kinase inhibitor; signal transduction; FLT3
2.  Wig-1, a novel regulator of N-Myc mRNA and N-Myc-driven tumor growth 
Cell Death & Disease  2012;3(4):e298-.
Wig-1 is a transcriptional target of the p53 tumor suppressor and encodes an mRNA stability-regulating protein. We show here that Wig-1 knockdown causes a dramatic inhibition of N-Myc expression and triggers differentiation in neuroblastoma cells carrying amplified N-Myc. Transient Wig-1 knockdown significantly delays development of N-Myc-driven tumors in mice. We also show that N-Myc expression is induced upon moderate p53-activating stress, suggesting a role of the p53-Wig-1-N-Myc axis in promoting cell cycle re-entry upon p53-induced cell cycle arrest and DNA repair. Moreover, our findings raise possibilities for the improved treatment of poor prognosis neuroblastomas that carry amplified N-Myc.
doi:10.1038/cddis.2012.33
PMCID: PMC3358011  PMID: 22513872
Wig-1; N-Myc; p53; mRNA regulation; AU-rich elements

Results 1-2 (2)