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author:("hubrecht, R")
1.  High Incidence but Low Burden of Coronaviruses and Preferential Associations between Respiratory Viruses 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  2013;51(9):3039-3046.
Respiratory viruses are the leading cause of acute infections in humans. However, the burden of certain respiratory viruses, such as coronaviruses, and the relevance of viral coinfections remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the distribution and seasonal occurrences of respiratory viruses detected by multiplex molecular assay in 6,014 samples from 2008 to 2011 in a French hospital. We assessed the detection frequencies of 14 respiratory viruses and their clinical impact in immunosuppressed and nonimmunosuppressed patients. Furthermore, we explored the preferential association patterns between respiratory viruses in multiple infections. Our results indicated that human rhinovirus/enterovirus (HRV/EV) and coronavirus (HCoV) were frequently detected in respiratory samples (48.81% and 11.74% of infected samples, respectively), and the detection frequencies of these viruses were further increased in immunosuppressed patients. The most common subtypes of HCoV were HCoV-229E (33.80%) and HCoV-HKU1 (32.39%). A sharp increase in the detection frequencies of HCoV-229E and HCoV-HKU1 over several months suggested that these subtypes were epidemic in our population. In immunosuppressed patients, HCoV contributed to upper respiratory tract infections (52%). Evidence did not support lower respiratory tract infections exclusive to a unique HCoV infection. In multiply infected individuals, determined in 6.3% of samples, HRV/EV and HCoV were detected in 33.29% and 22.90% of samples, respectively. Interestingly, nearly 50% of HCoV infections were detected in association with another virus. Since the distributions of respiratory viruses in multiply infected patients were subject to preferential association patterns between viruses, we propose complex interactions between different respiratory viruses and host factors.
PMCID: PMC3754627  PMID: 23850954
2.  Waldenström's macroglobulinemia harbors a unique proteome where Ku70 is severely underexpressed as compared with other B-lymphoproliferative disorders 
Blood Cancer Journal  2012;2(9):e88-.
Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM) is a clonal B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) of post-germinal center nature. Despite the fact that the precise molecular pathway(s) leading to WM remain(s) to be elucidated, a hallmark of the disease is the absence of the immunoglobulin heavy chain class switch recombination. Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, we compared proteomic profiles of WM cells with that of other LPDs. We were able to demonstrate that WM constitutes a unique proteomic entity as compared with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and marginal zone lymphoma. Statistical comparisons of protein expression levels revealed that a few proteins are distinctly expressed in WM in comparison with other LPDs. In particular we observed a major downregulation of the double strand repair protein Ku70 (XRCC6); confirmed at both the protein and RNA levels in an independent cohort of patients. Hence, we define a distinctive proteomic profile for WM where the downregulation of Ku70—a component of the non homologous end-joining pathway—might be relevant in disease pathophysiology.
PMCID: PMC3461705  PMID: 22961060
Waldenström macroglobulinemia; proteomics; 2D-electrophoresis; XRCC6
3.  Posaconazole as Salvage Therapy for Zygomycosis 
Zygomycosis, an infection that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, is becoming common in immunocompromised patients. Posaconazole is a new extended-spectrum azole antifungal that has demonstrated in vitro and in vivo activity against zygomycetes. This report provides the results from the first 24 patients with active zygomycosis who were enrolled in two open-label, nonrandomized, multicentered compassionate trials that evaluated oral posaconazole as salvage therapy for invasive fungal infections. Posaconazole was usually given as an oral suspension of 200 mg four times a day or 400 mg twice a day. Eleven (46%) of the infections were rhinocerebral. Duration of posaconazole therapy ranged from 8 to 1,004 days (mean, 292 days; median, 182 days). Rates of successful treatment (complete cure and partial response) were 79% in 19 subjects with zygomycosis refractory to standard therapy and 80% in 5 subjects with intolerance to standard therapy. Overall, 19 of 24 subjects (79%) survived infection. Survival was also associated with surgical resection of affected tissue and stabilization or improvement of the subjects' underlying illnesses. Failures either had worsening of underlying illnesses or requested all therapy withdrawn; none of the failures received more than 31 days of posaconazole. Posaconazole oral solution was well tolerated and was discontinued in only one subject due to a drug rash. Posaconazole appears promising as an oral therapy for zygomycosis in patients who receive required surgery and control their underlying illness.
PMCID: PMC1346806  PMID: 16377677
4.  Aggressive lymphomas with renal involvement: a study of 48 patients treated with the LNH-84 and LNH-87 regimens. Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes de l'Adulte. 
British Journal of Cancer  1994;70(1):154-159.
In order to describe renal involvement in aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) and its prognostic significance, we reviewed the outcome of 48 patients with renal involvement treated with the LNH-84 or LNH-87 regimen. Histology was diffuse large cell in 29 (60%) patients; immunoblastic, diffuse mixed cell and lymphoblastic in four each; follicular large cell, diffuse small cleaved cell and diffuse small non-cleaved cell in one each; and unclassified in four. Ann Arbor stage was IV in 44 patients, and IE or IIE in four. Tumour mass > or = 10 cm, performance status (ECOG scale) > 2 and increased LDH level were present in 69%, 20% and 76% of patients respectively. Fifteen patients (31%) had multiple intraparenchymal nodules, 14 (29%) had direct spread into the kidney from a perirenal mass, ten (21%) had a single intraparenchymal nodule and nine (19%) had diffuse infiltration. Twenty-one patients (43%) presented with bilateral lesions. Three patients (6%) presented with acute renal failure. Ten other patients (21%) had serum creatinine > 120 mumol l-1. In 12 of these 13 patients renal function was restored with chemotherapy. Twenty-eight patients (57%) achieved complete remission. Estimated 4 year disease-free survival was 39%. Disease-free survival and actuarial survival at 4 years were estimated to be 58% respectively. Two renal parameters had adverse prognostic significance for survival: renal hilum involvement (P = 0.02) and diffuse renal infiltration (P = 0.01). A Cox model identified only two independent prognostic factors for survival, namely performance status > or = 2 and tumour size > or = 10 cm. We conclude that alteration in renal function occurs in 27% of patients with renal involvement. Systemic chemotherapy improves renal function rapidly. Long-term outcome is similar to that expected in NHL patients presenting with the same prognostic factors.
PMCID: PMC2033328  PMID: 7517172

Results 1-4 (4)