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2.  An otoprotective role for the apoptosis inhibitor protein survivin 
Cell Death & Disease  2010;1(7):e51-.
Hearing impairment caused by ototoxic insults, such as noise or gentamicin is a worldwide health problem. As the molecular circuitries involved are not yet resolved, current otoprotective therapies are rather empirical than rational. Here, immunohistochemistry and western blotting showed that the cytoprotective protein survivin is expressed in the human and guinea pig cochlea. In the guinea pig model, moderate noise exposure causing only a temporary hearing impairment transiently evoked survivin expression in the spiral ligament, nerve fibers and the organ of Corti. Mechanistically, survivin upregulation may involve nitric oxide (NO)-induced Akt signaling, as enhanced expression of the endothelial NO synthase and phosphorylated Akt were detectable in some surviving-positive cell types. In contrast, intratympanic gentamicin injection inducing cell damage and permanent hearing loss correlated with attenuated survivin levels in the cochlea. Subsequently, the protective activity of the human and the guinea pig survivin orthologs against the ototoxin gentamicin was demonstrated by ectopic overexpression and RNAi-mediated depletion studies in auditory cells in vitro. These data suggest that survivin represents an innate cytoprotective resistor against stress conditions in the auditory system. The pharmacogenetic modulation of survivin may thus provide the conceptual basis for the rational design of novel therapeutic otoprotective strategies.
PMCID: PMC3032560  PMID: 21364656
Auditory system; aminoglycoside antibiotics; chromosomal passenger complex; cochlea; nitric oxide; ototoxicity
3.  The potential of carboxypeptidase G2-antibody conjugates as anti-tumour agents. I. Preparation of antihuman chorionic gonadotrophin-carboxypeptidase G2 and cytotoxicity of the conjugate against JAR choriocarcinoma cells in vitro. 
British Journal of Cancer  1986;53(3):377-384.
Carboxypeptidase G2, a zinc metalloenzyme isolated from Pseudomonas sp. strain RS-16, which catalyses the hydrolytic cleavage of reduced and non-reduced folates to pteroates and L-glutamate, has been linked to a monoclonal antibody (W14A) raised to human chorionic gonadotrophin. The coupling efficiency and retention of antibody and enzymatic activities are compared for three separate methods of preparing 1:1 conjugates. Preliminary in vitro studies on the cytotoxicity of the free enzyme and the conjugated enzyme towards JAR choriocarcinoma cells are reported. Despite the limitations of the in vitro model, it could be demonstrated that a significant proportion of 10(6) choriocarcinoma cells lost viability when exposed to either free or conjugated enzyme for 72 hours at concentrations of carboxypeptidase G2 of 1-3 units ml-1 of medium.
PMCID: PMC2001364  PMID: 3964540

Results 1-3 (3)