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1.  Altruism in networks: the effect of connections 
Biology Letters  2011;7(5):651-653.
Why are individuals altruistic to their friends? Theory suggests that individual, relationship and network factors will all influence the levels of altruism; but to date, the effects of social network structure have received relatively little attention. The present study uses a novel correlational design to test the prediction that an individual will be more altruistic to friends who are well-connected to the individual's other friends. The result shows that, as predicted, even when controlling for a range of individual and relationship factors, the network factor (number of connections) makes a significant contribution to altruism, thus showing that individuals are more likely to be altruistic to better-connected members of their social networks. The implications of incorporating network structure into studies of altruism are discussed.
doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.1202
PMCID: PMC3169038  PMID: 21411451
altruism; network; friendship; cooperation

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