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1.  Hydrogen-Bonded Networks Based on Cobalt(II), Nickel(II), and Zinc(II) Complexes of N,N'-Diethylurea 
N,N'-diethylurea (DEU) was employed as a ligand to form the octahedral complexes [M(DEU)6]2+ (M=Co, Ni and Zn). Compounds [Co(DEU)6](BF4)2 (1), [Co(DEU)6](CIO4)2 (2), [Ni(DEU)6](CIO4)2 (3), and [Zn(DMU)6](CIO4)2 (4) have been prepared from the reactions of DEU and the appropriate hydrated metal(II) salts in EtOH in the presence of 2,2-dimethoxypropane. Crystal structure determinations demonstrate the existence of [M(DEU)6]2+ cations and CIO4− (in 2–4) or BF4− (in 1) counterions. The [M(DEU)6]2+ cations in the solid state are stabilized by a pseudochelate effect due to the existence of six strong intracationic N-H ⋯ O(DEU) hydrogen bonds. The [M(DEU)6]2+ cations and counterions self-assemble to form hydrogen-bonded 2D architectures in 2–4 that conform to the kgd (kagome dual) network, and a 3D hydrogen-bonded rtl (rutile) network in 1. The nature of the resulting supramolecular structures is influenced by the nature of the counter-ion. The complexes were also characterized by vibrational spectroscopy (IR).
PMCID: PMC2905724  PMID: 20689706
2.  Synthesis, X-Ray Structure, and Characterization of a Complex Containing the Hexakis(urea)cobalt(II) Cation and Lattice Urea Molecules 
The 12: 1 reaction of urea (U) with CoI2 in EtOH yielded the “clathrate-coordination” compound [CoU6]I2·4U (1). The complex crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c. The lattice constants are a = 9.844(4), b = 7.268(3), c = 24.12(1) Å, and β=98.12(1)∘. The crystal structure determination demonstrates the existence of octahedral [CoU6]2+ cations, I- counterions, and two different types (two U1 and two U2) of hydrogen-bonded, lattice urea molecules. The [CoU6]2+ cations and the U1 lattice molecules form two-dimensional hydrogen-bonded layers which are parallel to the ab plane. The I- anions are placed above and below each layer, and are hydrogen bonded both to U1 molecules and [CoU6]2+ cations. Each U2 molecule is connected to a [CoU6]2+ cation through an N–H⋯O hydrogen bond resulting in a three-dimensional network. Room temperature magnetic susceptibility and spectroscopic (solid-state UV/Vis, IR, Raman) data of 1 are discussed in terms of the nature of bonding and the known structure.
PMCID: PMC2235932  PMID: 18288263

Results 1-2 (2)