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1.  Time Sensitivity Factor of Single Pulmonary Nodule: A New Cancer Characteristic Metabolic Parameter by 18F-FDG PET 
BioMed Research International  2014;2014:830135.
Objective. To calculate the time sensitivity factor (S) for discriminating the solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) by FDG PET at different time points. Methods. The multiple time-point FDG PET images from 41 patients for evaluating SPN seen on chest X-ray or CT were prospectively analyzed to calculate and evaluate S against the gold standard of tissue histology (n = 38) or long term clinicoradiographic follow-up (n = 3). The maximal standardized uptake values (SUV) at the 3 hourly time points were measured. The S was calculated using S = d{ln⁡(SUV)}/d{ln⁡(t)} at 3 different time intervals. ROC analysis of the S parameters was performed to evaluate the optimal cut-off value and their accuracy in classifying the SPN. Results. The SUV in malignant SPN was higher than the corresponding value in benign lesions at all 3 hourly time points (P < 0.003). The S parameters using 3 different time intervals all significantly separated the two groups (P < 0.0005) with an optimal cut-off point near the theoretical value of zero with a high sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 86%. Conclusion. The S can be calculated for SPNs using multiple time-point FDG PET, providing a tumor characteristic metabolic parameter with high discrimination power using a simple positive value representing malignancy.
PMCID: PMC4052123  PMID: 24982908
2.  Modulation of formation of the 3’-end of the human argininosuccinate synthetase mRNA by GT-repeat polymorphism 
Microsatellites are abundant in the human genome and may acquire context-dependent functions. A highly polymorphic GT microsatellite is located downstream of the poly(A) signal of the human argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS1) gene. The ASS1 participates in urea and nitric oxide production and is a rate-limiting enzyme in arginine biosynthesis. To examine possible involvement of the GT microsatellite in ASS1 mRNA 3’-end formation, ASS1 minigene constructs were used in transient transfection for assessment of poly(A) site usage by S1 nuclease mapping. Synthesis of the major human ASS1 mRNA is found to be controlled by two consecutive non-canonical poly(A) signals, UAUAAA and AUUAAA, located 7 nucleotides apart where a U-rich sequence and the GU microsatellite serve as their respective downstream GU/U-rich elements. Moreover, AUUAAA utilization is affected by the GU-repeat number possibly leading to differential regulation of ASS1 polyadenylation in individuals with different repeat numbers. Interestingly, the less efficient UAUAAA motif is noted to be the major ASS1 poly(A) signal possibly as a result of an indispensable downstream U-rich element and restricted utilization of the AUUAAA motif by the presence of extended GU-repeats. The UAUAAA motif and the GT microsatellite are conserved only in primates whereas AUUAAA motif is present in all mammals analyzed. The suboptimal UAUAAA motif and the utilization of the polymorphic GT microsatellite as polyadenylation signal of the ASS1 gene may be used as a strategy in primates to modulate ASS1 level in response to interactions of genetic and environmental factors.
PMCID: PMC3867704  PMID: 24380022
Argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1); GT-repeat polymorphism; microsatellite; polyadenylation signal; poly(A) downstream element; gene regulation
3.  A Comparison of Epithelial Cells, Fibroblasts, and Osteoblasts in Dental Implant Titanium Topographies 
The major challenge for dental implants is achieving optimal esthetic appearance and a concept to fulfill this criterion is evaluated. The key to an esthetically pleasing appearance lies in the properly manage the soft tissue profile around dental implants. A novel implant restoration technique on the surface was proposed as a way to augment both soft- and hard-tissue profiles at potential implant sites. Different levels of roughness can be attained by sandblasting and acid etching, and a tetracalcium phosphate was used to supply the ions. In particular, the early stage attaching and repopulating abilities of bone cell osteoblasts (MC3T3-E1), fibroblasts (NIH 3T3), and epithelial cells (XB-2) were evaluated. The results showed that XB-2 cell adhesive qualities of a smooth surface were better than those of the roughened surfaces, the proliferative properties were reversed. The effects of roughness on the characteristics of 3T3 cells were opposite to the result for XB-2 cells. E1 proliferative ability did not differ with any statistical significance. These results suggest that a rougher surface which provided calcium and phosphate ions have the ability to enhance the proliferation of osteoblast and the inhibition of fibroblast growth that enhance implant success ratios.
PMCID: PMC3263600  PMID: 22287942

Results 1-3 (3)