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1.  Rhodamine 6G conjugated to gold nanoparticles as labels for both SERS and fluorescence
studies on live endothelial cells 
Mikrochimica Acta  2014;182:119-127.
Fluorescence and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy were employed to investigate the cellular uptake of rhodamine 6G (R6G) alone and of R6G loaded with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) by endothelial cells. R6G plays the role of a Raman reporter in SERS but also displays strong fluorescence. The presence of bare R6G molecules and R6G-AuNPs in the cytoplasm of the cells is detected via the 2D fluorescence of the dye after a 0.5 h of the incubation with R6G and R6G-AuNPs, and then the concentration of the dye increases within 4 h of exposure. The examination of the cellular uptake of the R6G and R6G-AuNPs species at different temperatures suggests that the internalization of the R6G-AuNPs into endothelial cells occurs mainly via endocytosis. 3D fluorescence imaging of R6G inside cells reveals inhomogeneous distribution of the dye in the cytoplasm. The SERS signal of the Raman reporter inside the cell disappears after 2 h of incubation with R6G-AuNPs and then amino acid residues, purines and pyrimidines become SERS-active via their interactions with the gold. The results highlight the significance of using multiple techniques to cover a spectrum of issues in the application of SERS nanosensors for probing an intracellular environment under comparable and standardized conditions.
FigureCellular uptake of bare rhodamine 6G and rhodamine 6G adsorbed onto AuNPs were studied on endothelial cells using fluorescence and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. The internalization of R6G-AuNPs occurs via endocytosis and diffusion resulting in uneven distribution in the cytoplasm.
Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s00604-014-1307-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
PMCID: PMC4281367  PMID: 25568498
Endothelium; SERS imaging; 2D and 3D fluorescence; Rhodamine 6G; Cellular uptake
2.  Synthesis and electrical characterization of intrinsic and in situ doped Si nanowires using a novel precursor 
Perchlorinated polysilanes were synthesized by polymerization of tetrachlorosilane under cold plasma conditions with hydrogen as a reducing agent. Subsequent selective cleavage of the resulting polymer yielded oligochlorosilanes SinCl2 n +2 (n = 2, 3) from which the octachlorotrisilane (n = 3, Cl8Si3, OCTS) was used as a novel precursor for the synthesis of single-crystalline Si nanowires (NW) by the well-established vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) mechanism. By adding doping agents, specifically BBr3 and PCl3, we achieved highly p- and n-type doped Si-NWs by means of atmospheric-pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD). These as grown NWs were investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), as well as electrical measurements of the NWs integrated in four-terminal and back-gated MOSFET modules. The intrinsic NWs appeared to be highly crystalline, with a preferred growth direction of [111] and a specific resistivity of ρ = 6 kΩ·cm. The doped NWs appeared to be [112] oriented with a specific resistivity of ρ = 198 mΩ·cm for p-type Si-NWs and ρ = 2.7 mΩ·cm for n-doped Si-NWs, revealing excellent dopant activation.
PMCID: PMC3458602  PMID: 23019552
chemical vapour deposition; field-effect transistor; oligosilanes; radiation-induced nanostructures; silicon nanowires; vapor–liquid–solid mechanism

Results 1-2 (2)