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author:("maggot, K K")
1.  Effect of zinc on adenine nucleotide pools in relation to aflatoxin biosynthesis in Aspergillus parasiticus. 
The adenylic acid systems of Aspergillus parasiticus were studied in zinc-replete and zinc-deficient media. The adenosine 5'-triphosphate levels of the fungus were high during exponential phase and low during stationary phase in zinc-replete cultures. On the other hand, the levels of adenosine 5'-diphosphate and adenosine 5'-monophosphate were low during exponential phase of growth and high during stationary phase. The adenosine 5'-triphosphate levels during exponential phase may indicate higher primary metabolic activity of the fungus. On the other hand, high adenosine 5'-monophosphate levels during stationary phase may inhibit lipid formation and may enhance aflatoxin levels. The inorganic phosphorus content was low in a zinc-replete medium throughout the growth period, thereby favoring aflatoxin biosynthesis. The energy charge during the exponential phase was high but low during the stationary phase. In general the energy charge values were lower because of high adenosine 5'-monophosphate content.
PMCID: PMC170456  PMID: 1008554
2.  Inhibition of aflatoxin formation by 2-mercaptoethanol. 
2-Mercaptoethanol inhibits growth of Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 3240 and aflatoxin formation by the fungus. When added to the resuspended medium, 2-mercaptoethanol inhibited [1-14C]acetate incorporation into both aflatoxins and neutral lipids, thereby showing that it acts at an early stage of aflatoxin biosynthesis. The inhibition is probably due to its chelating action on zinc, which is essential for aflatoxin production. It is proposed that any chelating agent that selectively binds to zinc will inhibit aflatoxin formation.
PMCID: PMC170064  PMID: 984814
3.  Inhibition of aflatoxin biosynthesis by tolnaftate. 
Tolnaftate [2-napthyl-N-methyl-N-(m-tolyl)thionocarbamate], an antifungal drug, is widely used to control superficial fungal infections in humans and other animals. In this study the effect of tolnaftate on aflatoxin biosynthesis by Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 3240 was investigated. Tolnaftate changed the morphology of A. parasiticus to yeastlike forms and inhibited aflatoxin formation. The formation of aflatoxin G was blocked considerably, indicating a metabolic block in the conversion of aflatoxin B to aflatoxin G. The incorporation of [1-14C]acetate into aflatoxin was significantly inhibited at a concentration of 1 mM tolnaftate. The presence of zinc in the resuspension buffer resulted in reversal of the tolnaftate-induced inhibition of aflatoxin G1 biosynthesis.
PMCID: PMC291213  PMID: 697362
4.  Biosynthesis of aflatoxins. 
Bacteriological Reviews  1977;41(4):822-855.
PMCID: PMC414029  PMID: 23090

Results 1-4 (4)