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author:("turn, Ulf W")
1.  High dose rate brachytherapy as monotherapy for localised prostate cancer: a hypofractionated two-implant approach in 351 consecutive patients 
Background
To report the clinical outcome of high dose rate brachytherapy as sole treatment for clinically localised prostate cancer.
Methods
Between March 2004 and January 2008, a total of 351 consecutive patients with clinically localised prostate cancer were treated with transrectal ultrasound guided high dose rate brachytherapy. The prescribed dose was 38.0 Gy in four fractions (two implants of two fractions each of 9.5 Gy with an interval of 14 days between the implants) delivered to an intraoperative transrectal ultrasound real-time defined planning treatment volume. Biochemical failure was defined according to the Phoenix Consensus and toxicity evaluated using the Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.
Results
The median follow-up time was 59.3 months. The 36 and 60 month biochemical control and metastasis-free survival rates were respectively 98%, 94% and 99%, 98%. Toxicity was scored per event with 4.8% acute Grade 3 genitourinary and no acute Grade 3 gastrointestinal toxicity. Late Grade 3 genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicity were respectively 3.4% and 1.4%. No instances of Grade 4 or greater acute or late adverse events were reported.
Conclusions
Our results confirm high dose rate brachytherapy as safe and effective monotherapy for clinically organ-confined prostate cancer.
doi:10.1186/1748-717X-8-115
PMCID: PMC3671130  PMID: 23656899
Prostate cancer; Brachytherapy; High dose rate; Iridium; Monotherapy
2.  A 6-month depot formulation of leuprolide acetate is safe and effective in daily clinical practice: a non-interventional prospective study in 1273 patients 
BMC Urology  2011;11:15.
Background
Testosterone stimulates growth in many prostate tumours. The established GnRH analogue leuprolide acetate is incorporated in a novel biodegradable polymer matrix (Atrigel® delivery system), that can be administered to reduce testosterone levels in men with advanced hormone-dependent prostate cancer. This novel formulation is available as a 1-, 3- and most recently 6-month depot (Eligard® 45 mg). The latter was shown to lower and maintain safe and effective serum testosterone suppression in a clinical study.
Methods
A non-interventional study to confirm the efficacy and safety of 6-monthly leuprolide acetate (Eligard® 45 mg) in routine urological practice was performed in Germany. Data were obtained from 1273 patients under the care of 634 urologists, and were analysed descriptively. Concentrations of PSA and serum testosterone were documented at the baseline visit and at 6 and 12 months following 6-monthly leuprolide acetate. The participating physicians were also asked to assess the efficacy, tolerabilty and handling of 6-monthly leuprolide acetate.
Results
Serum concentrations of PSA and testosterone were decreased substantially within 6 months of initial 6-monthly leuprolide acetate administration. At 12 months, median reductions of 96% (to 0.5 ng/ml) in PSA, and 90% (to 8.9 ng/dl) in serum testosterone, were observed. Further PSA and serum testosterone decreases were also observed in a subpopulation of patients who switched to 6-monthly leuprolide acetate from other GnRH analogues. Physicians rated 6-monthly leuprolide acetate as easy to use, and patients reported good tolerability. Adverse events occurred in 9% of patients; the majority were not serious. In particular, low rates of hot flushes were reported.
Conclusions
This non-interventional study showed that the reliable reduction of PSA and testosterone levels demonstrated in previous clinical studies of twice-yearly leuprolide acetate can also be achieved in routine clinical practice. This study also confirmed good tolerability of 6-monthly leuprolide acetate in routine clinical use and received positive appraisal from physicians.
doi:10.1186/1471-2490-11-15
PMCID: PMC3161957  PMID: 21801354

Results 1-2 (2)