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1.  Pregnancy Rate after First Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection- In Vitro Fertilisation Cycle in Patients with Endometrioma with or without Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis  
Background:
To evaluate the impact of the association of endometrioma with or without deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) after a first intra cytoplasmic sperm injection- in vitro fertilization (ICSI-IVF) cycle on pregnancy rate.
Materials and Methods:
In this retrospective study, women with endometrioma who underwent a first ICSI-IVF cycle from January 2007 to June 2010 were reviewed for pregnancy rate. The main outcome measure was the clinical pregnancy rate. A multiple logistic regression (MLR) was performed; including all variables that were correlated to the conception rate. Only independent factors of pregnancy rate were included in a Recursive Partitioning (RP) model.
Results:
The study population consisted of 104 patients (37 without DIE and 67 patients with associated DIE). Using multivariable analysis, a lower pregnancy rate was associated with the presence of DIE (OR=0.24 (95% CI: 0.085-0.7); p=0.009) and the use of ICSI (OR=0.23 (95% CI: 0.07-0.8); p=0.02). A higher pregnancy rate was associated with an anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) serum level over 1 ng/ml (OR=4.3 (95% CI: 1.1-19); p=0.049). A RP was built to predict pregnancy rate with good calibration [ROC AUC (95% CI) of 0.70 (0.65-0.75)].
Conclusion:
Our data support that DIE associated with endometrioma in infertile patients has a negative impact on pregnancy rate after first ICSI-IVF cycle. Furthermore, our predictive model gives couples better information about the likelihood of conceiving.
PMCID: PMC3914494  PMID: 24520488
Endometrioma; Assisted Reproductive Technology; Endometriosis; Probabilistic Model
2.  Potential relevance of pre-operative quality of life questionnaires to identify candidates for surgical treatment of genital prolapse: a pilot study 
BMC Urology  2012;12:9.
Background
To evaluate prolapse-related symptoms, quality of life and sexuality of patients with validated questionnaires before and after surgery for genital prolapse and assess relevance of such an evaluation to select women for surgery.
Methods
From November 2009 to April 2010, 16 patients operated on for genital prolapse of grade greater than or equal to 2 (POP-Q classification) were evaluated prospectively by three questionnaires of quality of life Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20), Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7) and Pelvic Organ Prolaps/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12). Data were collected the day before surgery and 6 weeks postoperatively.
Results
Eleven patients had laparoscopic surgery and five vaginal surgery. There was a significant decrease in pelvic heaviness, vaginal discomfort and urinary symptoms after surgery. The score of symptoms of prolapse, the PFDI-20 score was 98.5 preoperatively and 31.8 postoperatively (p < 0.0001). The score for quality of life, the PFIQ-7 score was 54.5 preoperatively and 7.4 postoperatively (p = 0.001). The score of sexuality, the PISQ-12 score was 35.3 preoperatively and 37.5 postoperatively (p = 0.1). Two of the 3 patients with a PFIQ 7 under or equal to 20 were not improved while all the women with a preoperative PFIQ-7 over 20 were improved after surgery.
Conclusions
This study suggests that surgery improves quality of life of patients with genital prolapse. Quality of life questionnaires could help select good candidates for surgery. Further studies are required to determine threshold to standardize indications of surgery.
doi:10.1186/1471-2490-12-9
PMCID: PMC3350396  PMID: 22452922
Genital prolapse; Quality of life questionnaire; Surgery
3.  Does the use of the 2009 FIGO classification of endometrial cancer impact on indications of the sentinel node biopsy? 
BMC Cancer  2010;10:465.
Background
Lymphadenectomy is debated in early stages endometrial cancer. Moreover, a new FIGO classification of endometrial cancer, merging stages IA and IB has been recently published. Therefore, the aims of the present study was to evaluate the relevance of the sentinel node (SN) procedure in women with endometrial cancer and to discuss whether the use of the 2009 FIGO classification could modify the indications for SN procedure.
Methods
Eighty-five patients with endometrial cancer underwent the SN procedure followed by pelvic lymphadenectomy. SNs were detected with a dual or single labelling method in 74 and 11 cases, respectively. All SNs were analysed by both H&E staining and immunohistochemistry. Presumed stage before surgery was assessed for all patients based on MR imaging features using the 1988 FIGO classification and the 2009 FIGO classification.
Results
An SN was detected in 88.2% of cases (75/85 women). Among the fourteen patients with lymph node metastases one-half were detected by serial sectioning and immunohistochemical analysis. There were no false negative case. Using the 1988 FIGO classification and the 2009 FIGO classification, the correlation between preoperative MRI staging and final histology was moderate with Kappa = 0.24 and Kappa = 0.45, respectively. None of the patients with grade 1 endometrioid carcinoma on biopsy and IA 2009 FIGO stage on MR imaging exhibited positive SN. In patients with grade 2-3 endometrioid carcinoma and stage IA on MR imaging, the rate of positive SN reached 16.6% with an incidence of micrometastases of 50%.
Conclusions
The present study suggests that sentinel node biopsy is an adequate technique to evaluate lymph node status. The use of the 2009 FIGO classification increases the accuracy of MR imaging to stage patients with early stages of endometrial cancer and contributes to clarify the indication of SN biopsy according to tumour grade and histological type.
doi:10.1186/1471-2407-10-465
PMCID: PMC2940804  PMID: 20804553
4.  Ultrastaging of lymph node in uterine cancers 
Background
Lymph node status is an important prognostic factor and a criterion for adjuvant therapy in uterine cancers. While detection of micrometastases by ultrastaging techniques is correlated to prognosis in several other cancers, this remains a matter of debate for uterine cancers. The objective of this review on sentinel nodes (SN) in uterine cancers was to determine the contribution of ultrastaging to detect micrometastases.
Methods
Review of the English literature on SN procedure in cervical and endometrial cancers and histological techniques including hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, serial sectioning, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and molecular techniques to detect micrometastases.
Results
In both cervical and endometrial cancers, H&E and IHC appeared insufficient to detect micrometastases. In cervical cancer, using H&E, serial sectioning and IHC, the rate of macrometastases varied between 7.1% and 36.3% with a mean value of 25.8%. The percentage of women with micrometastases ranged from 0% and 47.4% with a mean value of 28.3%. In endometrial cancer, the rate of macrometastases varied from 0% to 22%. Using H&E, serial sectioning and IHC, the rate of micrometastases varied from 0% to 15% with a mean value of 5.8%. In both cervical and endometrial cancers, data on the contribution of molecular techniques to detect micrometastases are insufficient to clarify their role in SN ultrastaging.
Conclusion
In uterine cancers, H&E, serial sectioning and IHC appears the best histological combined technique to detect micrometastases. Although accumulating data have proved the relation between the risk of recurrence and the presence of micrometastases, their clinical implications on indications for adjuvant therapy has to be clarified.
doi:10.1186/1756-9966-29-5
PMCID: PMC2828991  PMID: 20092644

Results 1-4 (4)