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author:("cohen, djun L")
1.  Trial-based cost-effectiveness analysis comparing surgical and endoscopic drainage in patients with obstructive chronic pancreatitis 
BMJ Open  2013;3(9):e003676.
Objective
Published evidence indicates that surgical drainage of the pancreatic duct was more effective than endoscopic drainage for patients with chronic pancreatitis. This analysis assessed the cost-effectiveness of surgical versus endoscopic drainage in obstructive chronic pancreatitis.
Design
This trial-based cost-utility analysis (ISRCTN04572410) was conducted from a UK National Health Service (NHS) perspective and during a 79-month time horizon. During the trial the details of the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and pancreatic insufficiency were collected. The resource use was varied in the sensitivity analysis based on a review of the literature. The health outcome was the Quality-Adjusted Life Year (QALY), generated using EQ-5D data collected during the trial. There were no pancreas-related deaths in the trial. All-cause mortality from the trial was incorporated into the QALY estimates in the sensitivity analysis.
Setting
Hospital.
Participants
Patients with obstructive chronic pancreatitis.
Primary and secondary outcome measures
Costs, QALYs and cost-effectiveness.
Results
The result of the base-case analysis was that surgical drainage dominated endoscopic drainage, being both more effective and less costly. The sensitivity analysis varied mortality and resource use and showed that the surgical option remained dominant in all scenarios. The probability of cost-effectiveness for surgical drainage was 100% for the base case and 82% in the assessed most conservative case scenario.
Conclusions
In obstructive chronic pancreatitis, surgical drainage is highly cost-effective compared with endoscopic drainage from a UK NHS perspective.
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003676
PMCID: PMC3787408  PMID: 24065699
2.  The Daily Practice of Pancreatic Enzyme Replacement Therapy After Pancreatic Surgery: a Northern European Survey 
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery  2012;16(8):1487-1492.
Introduction
After pancreatic surgery, up to 80 % of patients will develop exocrine insufficiency. For enzyme supplementation to be effective, prescribing an adequate dose of pancreatic enzymes is mandatory but challenging because the required dose varies. Data on the practice of enzyme replacement therapy after surgery are lacking, and therefore, we conducted this analysis.
Methods
An anonymous survey was distributed to members of the Dutch and German patient associations for pancreatic disorders. The target population consisted of patients with chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer who had undergone pancreatic surgery and were using enzymes to treat exocrine insufficiency. Results were compared to a similar group of non-operated patients.
Results
Ninety-one cases were analyzed (84 % underwent a resection procedure). The median daily enzyme dose was 6, and 25 % took three or less capsules. Despite treatment, 68 % of patients reported steatorrhea-related symptoms, 48 % adhered to a non-indicated dietary fat restriction, and only 33 % had visited a dietician. The outcome was equally poor for the 91 non-operated patients.
Conclusion
Most patients suffering from exocrine insufficiency after pancreatic surgery are undertreated. To improve efficacy, physicians should be more focused on treating exocrine insufficiency and educate patients to adjust the dose according to symptoms and their diet.
doi:10.1007/s11605-012-1927-1
PMCID: PMC3399077  PMID: 22711213
Chronic pancreatitis; Pancreatic cancer; Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency; Pancreatic surgery; Pancreatic enzyme replacement
3.  Laparoscopic ileocolic resection versus infliximab treatment of distal ileitis in Crohn's disease: a randomized multicenter trial (LIR!C-trial) 
BMC Surgery  2008;8:15.
Background
With the availability of infliximab, nowadays recurrent Crohn's disease, defined as disease refractory to immunomodulatory agents that has been treated with steroids, is generally treated with infliximab. Infliximab is an effective but expensive treatment and once started it is unclear when therapy can be discontinued. Surgical resection has been the golden standard in recurrent Crohn's disease. Laparoscopic ileocolic resection proved to be safe and is characterized by a quick symptom reduction.
The objective of this study is to compare infliximab treatment with laparoscopic ileocolic resection in patients with recurrent Crohn's disease of the distal ileum with respect to quality of life and costs.
Methods/design
The study is designed as a multicenter randomized clinical trial including patients with Crohn's disease located in the terminal ileum that require infliximab treatment following recent consensus statements on inflammatory bowel disease treatment: moderate to severe disease activity in patients that fail to respond to steroid therapy or immunomodulatory therapy. Patients will be randomized to receive either infliximab or undergo a laparoscopic ileocolic resection. Primary outcomes are quality of life and costs. Secondary outcomes are hospital stay, early and late morbidity, sick leave and surgical recurrence. In order to detect an effect size of 0.5 on the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire at a 5% two sided significance level with a power of 80%, a sample size of 65 patients per treatment group can be calculated. An economic evaluation will be performed by assessing the marginal direct medical, non-medical and time costs and the costs per Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY) will be calculated. For both treatment strategies a cost-utility ratio will be calculated. Patients will be included from December 2007.
Discussion
The LIR!C-trial is a randomized multicenter trial that will provide evidence whether infliximab treatment or surgery is the best treatment for recurrent distal ileitis in Crohn's disease.
Trial registration
Nederlands Trial Register NTR1150
doi:10.1186/1471-2482-8-15
PMCID: PMC2533646  PMID: 18721465

Results 1-3 (3)