Search tips
Search criteria

Results 1-5 (5)

Clipboard (0)

Select a Filter Below

more »
Year of Publication
1.  Peyton’s four-step approach for teaching complex spinal manipulation techniques – a prospective randomized trial 
BMC Medical Education  2016;16:284.
The objectives of this prospective randomized trial were to assess the impact of Peyton’s four-step approach on the acquisition of complex psychomotor skills and to examine the influence of gender on learning outcomes.
We randomly assigned 95 third to fifth year medical students to an intervention group which received instructions according to Peyton (PG) or a control group, which received conventional teaching (CG). Both groups attended four sessions on the principles of manual therapy and specific manipulative and diagnostic techniques for the spine. We assessed differences in theoretical knowledge (multiple choice (MC) exam) and practical skills (Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE)) with respect to type of intervention and gender. Participants took a second OSPE 6 months after completion of the course.
There were no differences between groups with respect to the MC exam. Students in the PG group scored significantly higher in the OSPE. Gender had no additional impact. Results of the second OSPE showed a significant decline in competency regardless of gender and type of intervention.
Peyton’s approach is superior to standard instruction for teaching complex spinal manipulation skills regardless of gender. Skills retention was equally low for both techniques.
PMCID: PMC5094089  PMID: 27809905
Medical education; Spinal manipulation; Instructional method; Gender differences; Peyton’s four-step approach
3.  Hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder 
A 33-year-old female patient developed a hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder (HPPD) after lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) abuse for a year at the age of 18. Specifically, she reported after images, perception of movement in her peripheral visual fields, blurring of small patterns, halo effects, and macro- and micropsia. Previous treatment with antidepressants and risperidone failed to ameliorate these symptoms. Upon commencing drug therapy with lamotrigine, these complex visual disturbances receded almost completely. Based on its hypothesized neuroprotective and mood-stabilizing effects, the antiepileptic lamotrigine may offer a promising new approach in the treatment of HPPD.
PMCID: PMC3736944  PMID: 23983976
Flashback; hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder; LSD
4.  Arthroscopy or ultrasound in undergraduate anatomy education: a randomized cross-over controlled trial 
BMC Medical Education  2012;12:85.
The exponential growth of image-based diagnostic and minimally invasive interventions requires a detailed three-dimensional anatomical knowledge and increases the demand towards the undergraduate anatomical curriculum. This randomized controlled trial investigates whether musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) or arthroscopic methods can increase the anatomical knowledge uptake.
Second-year medical students were randomly allocated to three groups. In addition to the compulsory dissection course, the ultrasound group (MSUS) was taught by eight, didactically and professionally trained, experienced student-teachers and the arthroscopy group (ASK) was taught by eight experienced physicians. The control group (CON) acquired the anatomical knowledge only via the dissection course. Exposure (MSUS and ASK) took place in two separate lessons (75 minutes each, shoulder and knee joint) and introduced standard scan planes using a 10-MHz ultrasound system as well as arthroscopy tutorials at a simulator combined with video tutorials. The theoretical anatomic learning outcomes were tested using a multiple-choice questionnaire (MCQ), and after cross-over an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Differences in student’s perceptions were evaluated using Likert scale-based items.
The ASK-group (n = 70, age 23.4 (20–36) yrs.) performed moderately better in the anatomical MC exam in comparison to the MSUS-group (n = 84, age 24.2 (20–53) yrs.) and the CON-group (n = 88, 22.8 (20–33) yrs.; p = 0.019). After an additional arthroscopy teaching 1% of students failed the MC exam, in contrast to 10% in the MSUS- or CON-group, respectively. The benefit of the ASK module was limited to the shoulder area (p < 0.001). The final examination (OSCE) showed no significant differences between any of the groups with good overall performances. In the evaluation, the students certified the arthroscopic tutorial a greater advantage concerning anatomical skills with higher spatial imagination in comparison to the ultrasound tutorial (p = 0.002; p < 0.001).
The additional implementation of arthroscopy tutorials to the dissection course during the undergraduate anatomy training is profitable and attractive to students with respect to complex joint anatomy. Simultaneous teaching of basic-skills in musculoskeletal ultrasound should be performed by medical experts, but seems to be inferior to the arthroscopic 2D-3D-transformation, and is regarded by students as more difficult to learn. Although arthroscopy and ultrasound teaching do not have a major effect on learning joint anatomy, they have the potency to raise the interest in surgery.
PMCID: PMC3473305  PMID: 22958784
Arthroscopy; Education, Anatomic competence, Randomized controlled trial, Knee joint, Shoulder joint, Students; Medical, Musculoskeletal ultrasound
5.  Heparin Monitoring During Cardiopulmonary Bypass Surgery Using the One-Step Point-of-Care Whole Blood Anti-Factor-Xa Clotting Assay Heptest-POC-Hi 
The activated clotting time (ACT) generally used for monitoring heparinization during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery does not specifically measure heparin anticoagulant activities. This may result in heparin over- or under-dose and subsequent severe adverse events. A new point-of-care whole blood clotting assay (Heptest POC-Hi [HPOCH]) for quantifying heparin anticoagulant activity specifically was compared with ACT and anti-factor Xa (anti-Xa) heparin plasma levels (Coatest heparin) in 125 patients undergoing CPB surgery. The analytical reliability of the HPOCH and the influence of preanalytical variables on assay results were also examined. The ACT and HPOCH clotting times determined throughout the entire observation period correlated closely (n = 683; r = 0.80; p < .0001). Similarly, there was a significant linear correlation between HPOCH and Coatest anti-Xa levels (n = 352; r = 0.87; p < .0001). Pre- and post-CBP values of HPOCH, ACT, and anti-Xa plasma levels correlated closely with each other (correlation coefficients between r = 0.90 and r = 0.99; p < .0001). During CPB, there was no significant relationship between ACT and whole blood or plasma heparin levels determined by HPOCH (n = 157; r = 0.19) and the chromogenic anti-Xa assay (n = 157; r = 0.04), respectively. In contrast, HPOCH and anti-Xa plasma levels correlated strongly during CPB (n = 157; r = 0.57; p < .0001). However, bias analysis showed that the HPOCH and Coatest heparin could not be used interchangeably. The HPOCH was well reproducible and not influenced by aprotinin, hemodilution, or other factors affecting ACT. The HPOCH seems to be a promising new tool for specific on-site measurement of heparin activities in whole blood during CPB.
PMCID: PMC4680671  PMID: 17672188
cardiopulmonary bypass; anticoagulation; activated clotting time; Heptest POC-Hi; chromogenic substrate heparin assay

Results 1-5 (5)