A light-porous-particle, dry-powder formulation of tobramycin was developed, using PulmoSphere® technology, to improve airway delivery efficiency, substantially reduce delivery time, and improve patient convenience and satisfaction. We evaluated the safety, efficacy and convenience of tobramycin inhalation powder (TIP™) versus tobramycin inhalation solution (TIS, TOBI®) for treating Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients aged ≥6 years.
In this open-label study, 553 patients were randomized 3:2 to TIP (total 112 mg tobramycin) via the Novartis T-326 Inhaler or TIS 300 mg/5 mL via PARI LC® PLUS nebulizer twice daily for three treatment cycles (28 days on-drug, 28 days off-drug). Safety, efficacy, and treatment satisfaction outcomes were evaluated.
TIP was generally well-tolerated; adverse events were similar in both groups. The rate of cough suspected to be study-drug related was higher in TIP-treated patients (TIP: 25.3%; TIS: 4.3%), as was the overall discontinuation rate (TIP: 26.9%; TIS: 18.2%). Increases in FEV1 % predicted from baseline to Day 28 of Cycle 3 were similar between groups; mean reduction in sputum Pseudomonas aeruginosa density (log10 CFU/g) on Day 28 of Cycle 3 was also comparable between groups. Administration time was significantly less for TIP (mean: 5.6 versus 19.7 minutes, p<0.0001). Treatment satisfaction was significantly higher for TIP for effectiveness, convenience, and global satisfaction.
TIP has a safety and efficacy profile comparable with TIS, and offers a far more convenient treatment option for pseudomonas lung infection in CF.