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1.  Lot-to-lot consistency study of the fully liquid pentavalent DTwP-HepB-Hib vaccine Quinvaxem® demonstrating clinical equivalence, suitability of the vaccine as a booster and concomitant administration with measles vaccine 
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics  2012;8(8):1109-1118.
This double-blind, randomized study evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of three production lots of the fully liquid combination DTwP-Hep-Hib vaccine, Quinvaxem® (Crucell, The Netherlands) in 360 healthy infants aged 42–64 d old given at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age (Core Study). The Core Study was followed by an open-label Booster Phase evaluating immunogenicity and safety of a booster dose of Quinvaxem® given with either concomitant or deferred measles vaccine in 227 infants who completed the Core Study. One month after the third dose of Quinvaxem® immune responses reflecting seroprotection or seroconversion were observed in more than 90% of infants for all three vaccine lots. Quinvaxem® elicited a strong booster response as demonstrated by a large increase in antibodies against all antigens, which appeared to be unaffected by concomitant administration of the measles vaccine. Safety results were in line with previous reports for Quinvaxem® with no unexpected adverse events (AEs) being reported. In the Core Study and Booster Phase, Quinvaxem® was well tolerated. No study vaccine-related serious AEs were reported. Thus, Quinvaxem® was immunogenic and well-tolerated when administered to infants according to a 6–10–14 week vaccination schedule. The three production lots had consistent reactogenicity and immunogenicity profiles. The booster dose of Quinvaxem® was also immunogenic and safe, regardless of whether a monovalent measles vaccine was administered concomitantly or one month later.
doi:10.4161/hv.21095
PMCID: PMC3551883  PMID: 22854660
Quinvaxem; pentavalent; booster; concomitant measles; vaccine; lot consistency
3.  Human rotavirus vaccine Rotarix™ provides protection against diverse circulating rotavirus strains in African infants: a randomized controlled trial 
BMC Infectious Diseases  2012;12:213.
Background
Rotaviruses are the most important cause of severe acute gastroenteritis worldwide in children <5 years of age. The human, G1P[8] rotavirus vaccine Rotarix™ significantly reduced severe rotavirus gastroenteritis episodes in a Phase III clinical trial conducted in infants in South Africa and Malawi. This paper examines rotavirus vaccine efficacy in preventing severe rotavirus gastroenteritis, during infancy, caused by the various G and P rotavirus types encountered during the first rotavirus-season.
Methods
Healthy infants aged 5–10 weeks were enrolled and randomized into three groups to receive either two (10 and 14 weeks) or three doses of Rotarix™ (together forming the pooled Rotarix™ group) or three doses of placebo at a 6,10,14-week schedule. Weekly home visits were conducted to identify gastroenteritis episodes. Rotaviruses were detected by ELISA and genotyped by RT-PCR and nucleotide sequencing. The percentage of infants with severe rotavirus gastroenteritis caused by the circulating G and P types from 2 weeks post-last dose until one year of age and the corresponding vaccine efficacy was calculated with 95% CI.
Results
Overall, 4939 infants were vaccinated and 4417 (pooled Rotarix™ = 2974; placebo = 1443) were included in the per protocol efficacy cohort. G1 wild-type was detected in 23 (1.6%) severe rotavirus gastroenteritis episodes from the placebo group. This was followed in order of detection by G12 (15 [1%] in placebo) and G8 types (15 [1%] in placebo). Vaccine efficacy against G1 wild-type, G12 and G8 types were 64.1% (95% CI: 29.9%; 82%), 51.5% (95% CI:-6.5%; 77.9%) and 64.4% (95% CI: 17.1%; 85.2%), respectively. Genotype P[8] was the predominant circulating P type and was detected in 38 (2.6%) severe rotavirus gastroenteritis cases in placebo group. The remaining circulating P types comprised of P[4] (20 [1.4%] in placebo) and P[6] (13 [0.9%] in placebo). Vaccine efficacy against P[8] was 59.1% (95% CI: 32.8%; 75.3%), P[4] was 70.9% (95% CI: 37.5%; 87.0%) and P[6] was 55.2% (95% CI: -6.5%; 81.3%)
Conclusions
Rotarix™ vaccine demonstrated efficacy against severe gastroenteritis caused by diverse circulating rotavirus types. These data add to a growing body of evidence supporting heterotypic protection provided by Rotarix™.
Trial registration number
NCT00241644
doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-213
PMCID: PMC3462149  PMID: 22974466

Results 1-3 (3)