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1.  Life-Threatening Gastrointestinal Mucosal Necrosis during Methotrexate Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis 
Case Reports in Gastroenterology  2013;7(3):470-475.
Methotrexate (MTX), a folic acid antagonist, is widely used in the treatment of neoplasms, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis. Despite its efficacy, MTX sometimes finds limited application because of its adverse effects, including renal or liver impairment, bone marrow toxicity and gastrointestinal mucosal injury. Intestinal mucositis, bleeding and peptic ulcers are well-known gastrointestinal adverse effects of MTX, although cases of fatal mucosal necrosis induced by MTX are extremely rare. Here, we report the case of an 82-year-old Japanese woman who developed severe gastrointestinal mucosal necrosis after 8 years of treatment with low-dose MTX (8 mg/week). In the drug lymphocyte stimulation test, MTX showed a strong positive reaction, with a stimulation index of 443% against normal controls. Physicians must be aware of potential drug-induced adverse effects in patients with chronic diseases who are on long-term medication.
doi:10.1159/000356817
PMCID: PMC3843920  PMID: 24348319
Methotrexate; Adverse effect; Drug lymphocyte stimulation test; Type IV allergic reactions; Gastrointestinal tract; Mucosal injury; Necrosis; Rheumatoid arthritis
2.  Locally advanced breast cancer made amenable to radical surgery after a combination of systemic therapy and Mohs paste: two case reports 
Introduction
Chemotherapy and other systemic therapies are the primary treatments for patients with unresectable, locally advanced breast cancer. The clinical application of supportive care using Mohs paste has become widespread for the purpose of improving patients’ quality of life. Here, we report two cases of locally advanced breast cancer, for which the patients underwent radical surgery after a combination of systemic therapy and Mohs chemosurgery.
Case presentations
Patient 1 was a 90-year-old Japanese woman with right breast cancer diagnosed as stage IIIB (T4bN1M0). The treatment included Mohs paste application and hormonal therapies. Patient 2 was a 60-year-old Japanese woman with right breast cancer diagnosed as stage IIIB (T4cN2aM0). Her treatment included Mohs paste application, together with chemotherapy (four cycles of 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide, and four cycles of docetaxel). In both cases, a reduction in the primary tumor volume was observed, and radical mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection were possible without relaxation incision or skin flap.
Conclusion
We report patients with no distant metastases who were able to undergo radical resection after a combination of systemic therapy and Mohs chemosurgery. For locally advanced breast cancer, Mohs chemosurgery, in addition to multidisciplinary treatment, is useful.
doi:10.1186/1752-1947-6-360
PMCID: PMC3492100  PMID: 23095125
Breast cancer; Modified radical mastectomy; Mohs surgery
3.  Stenotic ischemic colitis treated with laparoscopy-assisted surgery 
Ischemic colitis is the most common type of intestinal ischemia. The etiology of this condition is multifactorial, and the diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical symptoms, as well as endoscopic and histological findings. Although conservative therapy is effective in most cases, surgery still plays a key role in the treatment of ischemic colitis. Here, we describe a case of a 73-year-old man in whom laparoscopy-assisted left colectomy was performed 80 d after the onset of ischemic colitis. He recovered completely after surgery, and the pathological findings were consistent with ischemic colitis. To the best of our knowledge, there are no detailed reports of laparoscopic surgery for chronic segmental stenotic ischemic colitis. We discussed the usefulness of laparoscopic surgery, comparing it with endoscopic treatment, and we propose an optimal treatment strategy from a viewpoint of stenosis length and duration of disease.
doi:10.4240/wjgs.v4.i8.203
PMCID: PMC3536847  PMID: 23293734
Ischemic colitis; Laparoscopic surgery; Stenosis; Chronic; Endoscopy
4.  Cholecystomucoclasis: revaluation of safety and validity in aged populations 
BMC Gastroenterology  2012;12:113.
Background
We evaluated the safety and validity of cholecystomucoclasis (CM) and compared its intraoperative characteristics with those of standard cholecystectomy (SC).
Methods
We enrolled 174 patients who underwent cholecystectomy and retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of patients in the SC and CM groups.
Results
Significant differences in age (71.1 vs. 61.9 years), American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA-PS), and serum C-reactive protein levels (CRP) (18.1 vs. 4.7 mg/dL) were observed between the CM and SC groups. Conversely, no significant differences were observed in the operation time (129 vs. 108 min), amount of blood loss (147 vs. 80 mL), intraoperative complications (0% vs. 5.7%), or duration of hospital stay (13.2 vs. 8.9 days) between the 2 groups. A high conversion rate (35.3%), postoperative complications (33%), and frequent drain insertions (94%) were observed in the CM group.
Conclusions
CM is a safe and valid surgical procedure and surgeons should not hesitate to transition to CM for patients who are of advanced age, in poor general condition (high ASA classification), or have high levels of serum CRP.
doi:10.1186/1471-230X-12-113
PMCID: PMC3462142  PMID: 22909056
Cholecystitis; Cholecystomucoclasis; Deroofing; Subtotal cholecystectomy
5.  False-Positive Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy on 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography and Computed Tomography after Rectal Cancer Resection: A Case Report of Thoracoscopic Surgery in the Prone Position 
Case Reports in Oncology  2011;4(3):569-575.
18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography and computed tomography (integrated FDG PET/CT) has been used to diagnose recurrence and differentiate postoperative changes from lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer, although its accuracy is questionable. We report a prone thoracoscopic surgery for a rectal cancer patient in which false-positive mediastinal lymph nodes were found on FDG-PET/CT. A 60-year-old man underwent a laparoscopic high anterior resection and D3 lymph node dissection for rectal cancer. The histopathological diagnosis was moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the rectum, stage IIIB (pT3N1M0), necessitating oral fluoropyrimidine agent S-1. After the primary surgery, a solitary mediastinal lymph node measuring 30 mm in diameter was detected, and abnormal accumulation was confirmed by FDG-PET/CT (SUVmax, 11.7). Thoracoscopic resection was performed in the prone position, but histopathological results showed no metastasis. He was subsequently diagnosed with reactive lymphadenitis. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 4 in good condition and is alive without recurrence 12 months after surgery. PET/CT is useful for the detection of colorectal cancer recurrence; however, it does have a high false-positive rate for mediastinal lymph nodes. There is a limit to its diagnostic accuracy, and one must determine the indication for surgical treatment carefully. Surgery in the prone position is a useful and minimally invasive approach to the mediastinum and allows aggressive resection to be performed.
doi:10.1159/000335017
PMCID: PMC3251247  PMID: 22220152
False-positive; FDG-PET/CT; Mediastinal lymph node; Thoracoscopic surgery; Prone position

Results 1-5 (5)