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1.  Laparoscopic management of small-bowel intussusception in a 64-year-old female with ileoal lipomas 
A 64-year-old female patient presented with upper abdominal pain and vomiting. Ultrasonography showed a hyperechoic mass in the right lower abdomen and computed tomography showed a low-density mass with intestinal invagination. An emergency laparoscopic right-hemicolectomy was performed, and the resected specimen was found to contain three tumors, which were identified histopathologically as intestinal lipomas. Adult intussusception is relatively rare and difficult to be diagnosed, since most symptoms of adult intussusception are nonspecific. We report our clinical experience of the diagnosis and emergent laparoscopic surgery for an adult patient with intussusception.
PMCID: PMC3536861  PMID: 23293737
Adult; Ileus; Intussusception; Intestinal lipomas; Laparoscopy
2.  Role of surgical intervention in managing gastrointestinal metastases from lung cancer 
AIM: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of late-stage lung cancer patients with gastrointestinal (GI)-tract metastases, focusing on therapeutic options and outcomes.
METHODS: Our institution (the National Taiwan University Hospital) diagnosed 8159 patients with lung cancer between 1987 and 2008, of which 21 developed symptomatic GI metastases. This study reviewed all of the patients’ information, including survival data, pathological reports, and surgical notes.
RESULTS: The most common histological type of lung cancer was adenocarcinoma, and 0.26% of patients with lung cancer developed GI metastases. The median duration from lung cancer diagnosis to GI metastases was three months (range, 0-108 mo), and the average time from diagnosis of GI metastasis to death was 2.8 mo. Most patients with symptomatic gastric and/or duodenal metastases exhibited GI bleeding and were diagnosed by panendoscopy. In contrast, small bowel metastases typically presented as an acute abdomen and were not diagnosed until laparotomy. All patients with small bowel or colonic metastases underwent surgical intervention, and their perioperative mortality was 22%. Our data revealed a therapeutic effect in patients with solitary GI metastasis and a favorable palliative effect on survival when metastases were diagnosed preoperatively. In patients with multiple GI metastases, the presentation varied according to the locations of the metastases.
CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment is worthwhile in a select group of patients with bowel perforation or obstruction. Physicians should be more alert to symptoms or signs indicating GI metastases.
PMCID: PMC3214707  PMID: 22090788
Gastrointestinal metastasis; Lung cancer; Palliative effect; Prognosis; Surgical intervention
3.  Genetic Variation in the NOC Gene Is Associated with Body Mass Index in Chinese Subjects 
PLoS ONE  2013;8(7):e69622.
Circadian clock genes are critical regulators of energy homeostasis and metabolism. However, whether variation in the circadian genes is associated with metabolic phenotypes in humans remains to be explored. In this study, we systemically genotyped 20 tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 8 candidate genes involved in circadian clock, including CLOCK, BMAL1(ARNTL), PER1, PER2, CRY1, CRY2, CSNK1E,, and NOC(CCRN4L) in 1,510 non-diabetic Chinese subjects in Taipei and Yunlin populations in Taiwan. Their associations with metabolic phenotypes were analyzed. We found that genetic variation in the NOC gene, rs9684900 was associated with body mass index (BMI) (P = 0.0016, Bonferroni corrected P = 0.032). Another variant, rs135764 in the CSNK1E gene was associated with fasting glucose (P = 0.0023, Bonferroni corrected P = 0.046). These associations were consistent in both Taipei and Yunlin populations. Significant epistatic and joint effects between SNPs on BMI and related phenotypes were observed. Furthermore, NOC mRNA levels in human abdominal adipose tissue were significantly increased in obese subjects compared to non-obese controls.
Genetic variation in the NOC gene is associated with BMI in Chinese subjects.
PMCID: PMC3724939  PMID: 23922759
4.  A gasless laparoscopic technique of wide excision for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor versus open method 
Traditional open surgery for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) requires a long incision. Moreover, the gas-filling laparoscopic technique used in GIST surgery still has its limitations. Therefore, we developed a gasless laparoscopic (GL) surgery for GIST and compared it with traditional open surgery.
Between October 2007 and September 2009, 62 GIST patients in the National Taiwan University Hospital received wide excisions. Of these 62 patients, 30 underwent the new procedure (GL group) and 32 had open surgery (OS group). Preoperative and postoperative clinicopathologic characteristics were compared between the groups.
There were no significant differences in preoperative characteristics or blood loss. However, the days to first flatus, postoperative hospital stay, wound length, white blood cell count at postoperative day one, and peak daily body temperature were all significantly improved in the GL group. Usage of postoperative analgesia on postoperative days one to five was also significantly lower in the GL group.
Wide-excision laparoscopy for gastric GIST can be performed more safely, more effectively, and with faster postoperative recovery using the gasless technique as compared with the open method. We, therefore, recommend this new surgical technique, which hybridizes the advantages of both the traditional open method and pure laparoscopic surgery.
PMCID: PMC3598221  PMID: 23433002
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors; Laparoscopic surgery; Surgical instruments
5.  Common ALDH2 genetic variants predict development of hypertension in the SAPPHIRe prospective cohort: Gene-environmental interaction with alcohol consumption 
Genetic variants near/within the ALDH2 gene encoding the mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 have been associated with blood pressure and hypertension in several case–control association studies in East Asian populations.
Three common tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (tagSNP) in the ALDH2 gene were genotyped in 1,134 subjects of Chinese origin from the Stanford Asia-Pacific Program for Hypertension and Insulin Resistance (SAPPHIRe) family cohort. We examined whether the ALDH2 SNP genotypes predicted the development of hypertension in the prospective SAPPHIRe cohort.
Over an average follow-up period of 5.7 years, carriers homozygous for the rs2238152 T allele in the ALDH2 gene were more likely to progress to hypertension than were non-carriers (hazard ratio [HR], 2.88, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06-7.84, P = 0.03), corresponding to a population attributable risk of ~7.1%. The risk associated with the rs2238152 T allele were strongest in heavy/moderate alcohol drinkers and was reduced in non-drinkers, indicating an interaction between ALDH2 genetic variants and alcohol intake on the risk of hypertension (P for interaction = 0.04). The risk allele was associated with significantly lower ALDH2 gene expression levels in human adipose tissue.
ALDH2 genetic variants were associated with progression to hypertension in a prospective Chinese cohort. The association was modified by alcohol consumption.
PMCID: PMC3476438  PMID: 22839215
ALDH2; Hypertension; SNP; Chinese
6.  Drain tube migration into the anastomotic site of an esophagojejunostomy for gastric small cell carcinoma: short report 
BMC Gastroenterology  2010;10:50.
Intraluminal migration of a drain through an anastomotic site is a rare complication of gastric surgery.
Case Presentation
We herein report the intraluminal migration of a drain placed after a lower esophagectomy and total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis for gastric small cell carcinoma. Persistent drainage was noted 1 month after surgery, and radiographic studies were consistent with drain tube migration. Endoscopy revealed the drain had migrated into the esophagojejunostomy anastomotic site. The drain was removed from outside of abdominal wound while observing the anastomotic site endoscopically. The patient was treated with suction via a nasogastric tube drain for 5 days, and thereafter had an uneventful recovery.
Though drain tube migration is a rare occurrence, it should be considered in patients with persistent drainage who have undergone gastric surgery.
PMCID: PMC2885988  PMID: 20492665

Results 1-6 (6)