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1.  Prognostic significance of different immunohistochemical S100A2 protein expression patterns in patients with operable nonsmall cell lung carcinoma 
OncoTargets and therapy  2012;5:363-373.
S100 proteins are involved in carcinogenesis, metastasis, and survival. S100A2 is a member of the S100 family, and its expression and precise role in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) has been debated. Therefore, we examined the immunohistochemical expression patterns of S100A2 in NSCLC in relation to clinicopathological parameters, important molecular biomarkers, and patient outcome. Microarray data for 74 paraffin-embedded specimens from patients with NSCLC were immunostained for S100A2 and p53 proteins. Immunohistochemical staining patterns of S100A2 in the NSCLC tissue samples examined were either nuclear (nS100A2), cytoplasmic (cS100A2), or both. A significant association between nS100A2 positivity and better disease-free interval was observed (hazards ratio 0.47; 95% confidence interval 0.23–0.99; P = 0.047). Similarly, cS100A2 negativity was marginally associated with shorter overall survival (P = 0.07). Patients without lymphatic infiltration and an earlier disease stage had significantly better overall survival and disease-free interval. The S100A2 expression pattern in operable NSCLC varies widely, and this differential expression (nuclear, cytoplasmic or both) seems to correlate with prognosis. Intensity of expression was highest in the early and advanced stages, and equally distributed in the middle stages. This observation may be indicative of a dual role for this protein both during earlier and advanced disease stages, and may also explain the differential immunoexpression of S100A2. Analysis of the disease-free interval showed that nS100A2-negative and p53-positive expression was associated with a statistically significant (P = 0.003) shorter disease-free interval in comparison with nS100A2-positive and p53-negative expression (12 versus 30 months, respectively). Further studies are required to establish whether S100A2 protein may have a substantial role as a prognostic or predictive indicator in this unfavorable group of patients.
PMCID: PMC3507318  PMID: 23189031
S100A2; expression; lung cancer; thoracic surgery
2.  Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome Induced by Pazopanib 
BMC Cancer  2012;12:489.
The reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome is a clinical/radiological syndrome characterized by headache, seizures, impaired vision, acute hypertension, and typical magnetic resonance imaging findings. There are several reports in the literature that depict its occurrence in cancer patients. The list of common anticancer and supportive care drugs that predispose to reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome is expanding and includes not only a large number of chemotherapeutic agents but also an increased number of new targeted drugs, particularly angiogenesis inhibitors such as bevacizumab,sorefenib and sunitinib. Pazopanib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and c-Kit which after a positive phase III randomized clinical trial in patients with advanced renal cell cancer received FDA approval for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma. Until now no cases of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome induced by pazopanib have been reported.
Case report
We present the case of a 40 years old female patient with heavily pre-treated metastatic renal cell carcinoma who received pazopanib as salvage treatment. After 21 days of pazopanib therapy the patient referred to the emergency department with epileptic seizure, impaired vision at both eyes and headache. MRI of the brain revealed subcortical oedema at the occipital and parietal lobes bilaterally. She was treated with anticonvulsants, i.v. administration of mannitol and antihypertensives and she recovered completely from her symptoms and was discharged on the tenth hospital day. A brain MRI performed 3 weeks after showed that the subcortical oedema had been subsided.
In conclusion this is the first case of pazopanib induced reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome. Although usually reversible, this syndrome is a serious and potentially life threatening adverse effect, if untreated, that should be considered by physicians treating metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients with pazopanib.
PMCID: PMC3487903  PMID: 23088634
Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome; Pazopanib; Renal cell carcinoma
3.  Synchronous Breast and Rectal Cancers in a Man 
Case Reports in Oncology  2011;4(2):281-286.
Breast cancer in men is relatively rare and its coexistence with other primary non-breast cancers exceptional. Here, we report the case of a 50-year-old man who presented with symptoms of rectal adenocarcinoma and in whom a synchronous, asymptomatic cancer of the left breast was found incidentally at physical examination.
PMCID: PMC3124462  PMID: 21734883
Colorectal carcinoma; Male breast cancer; Second primary cancer; Synchronous cancer

Results 1-3 (3)