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1.  Authors’ reply 
Ayu  2011;32(3):432-433.
PMCID: PMC3326898  PMID: 22529666
2.  A survey on etiopathological correlation of Krimi (intestinal helminths) and Pandu (anemia) 
Ayu  2011;32(2):165-170.
A survey study was aimed to find etiopathological status of intestinal helminths and also to accomplish its association with clinical condition Pandu. The survey samples included population of five schools and two localities in and around Jamnagar. The study was conducted on 337 subjects, of whom 36.20% cooperated to give stool samples to pathology laboratory; more than half of the samples surveyed were suffering with various parasitic infestations and one-third of the total subjects were found at risk to develop Pandu. Ascariasis patients were found in 71.14%, a potent cause of Pandu. Enterobius vermicularis was found in 19.05%, while Hymenolepis nana in 6.35%. 77.77% were in the age group of 10 to 20 years, 58.73% were male, 93.65% patients were Hindu, 80.95% of the patients had secondary level of education, dominancy of rural habitat was in 77.77%, and 39.68% each were from lower and lower middle class.
PMCID: PMC3296334  PMID: 22408296
Intestinal helminths; Pandu; Ascariasis; Udara Krimi
3.  Clinical efficacy of Mehamudgara vati in type 2 diabetes mellitus 
Ayu  2011;32(1):30-39.
In type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance is the main problem that is associated with a cluster of conditions such as obesity and hyperlipidemia. The present study was designed with the objective to evaluate the role of Mehamudgara vati (MMV), which was expected to work at the level of Medodhatwagni due to its Medohara properties, to have an effective control on type 2 diabetes. To fulfill the objective, known patients of type 2 diabetes attending the OPD and IPD of Kayachikitsa Department, IPGT and RA, were selected and were divided in two groups. In Group A, MMV was given 3 tab. thrice a day with lukewarm water for 3 months and in Group B, the patients who were already taking modern antidiabetic treatment, although their blood sugar level was not well under control, were additionally given MMV in the same manner. The formulation has shown a highly significant decrease in the fasting and post-prandial blood sugar level. The formulation has also shown a synergistic action when combined with the modern antidiabetic drugs due to its known hypolipidemic, hypocholesterolemic, hepatoprotective, antihyperglycemic, antistress, antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities.
PMCID: PMC3215414  PMID: 22131755
Agni; antihyperglycemic; antihyperlipidemic; dosha; dushya; stress; type 2 diabetes
4.  Rational use of blood: a study report on single unit transfusion 
Rational use of blood and minimise risks of blood transfusion have been repeatedly emphasized by WHO and various other experts. One of the measures is to discourage practice of single unit transfusion as it is avoidable in large majority of cases. The present study explores the data of such transfusions. A pilot study carried out during January 2000–December 2000 and then a follow up study is carried pout during January 2006–June 2007. During the pilot study done during 12 months a total of 10,0100 blood transfusions were given, out of which 55.1% were single unit transfusions. The preliminary results were presented in a regional conference and then a meeting and discussion with various clinical heads were arranged in January 2001. Then a follow up study is carried out from January 2006–June 2007 (18 months). It is found that a total of 12,248 blood transfusions are given during this spell, out of which 52.81% were single unit transfusions. Conclusion and some suggestions are offered to improve blood transfusion services and awareness in our country.
PMCID: PMC3453039  PMID: 23100948
Single unit transfusion; Medical audit; Decision analysis

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