PMCC PMCC

Search tips
Search criteria

Advanced
Results 1-2 (2)
 

Clipboard (0)
None

Select a Filter Below

Journals
Authors
more »
Year of Publication
Document Types
1.  EXAGGERATED INFLAMMATORY RESPONSES MEDIATED BY BURKHOLDERIA CENOCEPACIA IN HUMAN MACROPHAGES DERIVED FROM CYSTIC FIBROSIS 
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is accompanied with heightened inflammation worsened by drug resistant Burkholderia cenocepacia. Human CF macrophage responses to B. cenocepacia are poorly characterized and variable in the literature. Therefore, we examined human macrophage responses to the epidemic B. cenocepacia J2315 strain in order to identify novel anti-inflammatory targets. Peripheral blood monocyte derived macrophages were obtained from 23 CF and 27 non-CF donors. Macrophages were infected with B. cenocepacia J2315 and analyzed for cytokines, cytotoxicity, and microscopy. CF macrophages demonstrated significant increases in IL-1β, IL-10, MCP-1, and IFN-γ production in comparison to non-CF controls. CF patients on prednisone exhibited globally diminished cytokines compared to controls and other CF patients. CF macrophages also displayed increased bacterial burden and cell death. In conclusion, CF macrophages demonstrate exaggerated IL-1β, IL-10, MCP-1, and IFN-γ production and cell death during B. cenocepacia infection. Treatment with corticosteroids acutely suppressed cytokine responses.
doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.06.066
PMCID: PMC3408781  PMID: 22728038
cystic fibrosis; burkholderia; macrophage; IL-1β; corticosteroids
2.  Autophagy stimulation by rapamycin suppresses lung inflammation and infection by Burkholderia cenocepacia in a model of cystic fibrosis 
Autophagy  2011;7(11):1359-1370.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common inherited lethal disease in Caucasians which results in multiorgan dysfunction. However, 85% of the deaths are due to pulmonary infections. Infection by Burkholderia cenocepacia (B. cepacia) is a particularly lethal threat to CF patients because it causes severe and persistent lung inflammation and is resistant to nearly all available antibiotics. In CFTR ΔF508 (ΔF508) mouse macrophages, B. cepacia persists in vacuoles that do not fuse with the lysosomes and mediates increased production of IL-1β. It is believed that intracellular bacterial survival contributes to the persistence of the bacterium. Here we show for the first time that in wild-type but not in ΔF508 macrophages, many B. cepacia reside in autophagosomes that fuse with lysosomes at later stages of infection. Accordingly, association and intracellular survival of B. cepacia are higher in CFTR-ΔF508 macrophages than in WT macrophages. An autophagosome is a compartment that engulfs nonfunctional organelles and parts of the cytoplasm then delivers them to the lysosome for degradation to produce nutrients during periods of starvation or stress. Furthermore, we show that B. cepacia downregulates autophagy genes in WT and ΔF508 macrophages. However, autophagy dysfunction is more pronounced in ΔF508 macrophages since they already have compromised autophagy activity. We demonstrate that the autophagystimulating agent, rapamycin markedly decreases B. cepacia infection in vitro by enhancing the clearance of B. cepacia via induced autophagy. In vivo, rapamycin decreases bacterial burden in the lungs of CF mice and drastically reduces signs of lung inflammation. Together, our studies reveal that if efficiently activated, autophagy can control B. cepacia infection and ameliorate the associated inflammation. Therefore, autophagy is a novel target for new drug development for CF patients to control B. cepacia infection and accompanying inflammation.
doi:10.4161/auto.7.11.17660
PMCID: PMC3359483  PMID: 21997369
autophagy; rapamycin; cystic fibrosis; host-pathogen interaction; Burkholderia cenocepacia; inflammation; macrophages

Results 1-2 (2)