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Automated Experimentation (1)
Molecular and Cellular Biology (1)
Abián, Joaquín (2)
Atencia, Manuel (1)
Bach-Elias, Montse (1)
Bernacchioni, Lorenzo (1)
Carrascal, Montserrat (1)
Gattoni, Renata (1)
Guil, Sònia (1)
Jaén, Enric (1)
Perreau de Pinninck, Adrian (1)
Schorlemmer, Marco (1)
Sierra, Carles (1)
Stévenin, James (1)
de la Cruz, David (1)
Year of Publication
P2P proteomics -- data sharing for enhanced protein identification
de la Cruz, David
Perreau de Pinninck, Adrian
In order to tackle the important and challenging problem in proteomics of identifying known and new protein sequences using high-throughput methods, we propose a data-sharing platform that uses fully distributed P2P technologies to share specifications of peer-interaction protocols and service components. By using such a platform, information to be searched is no longer centralised in a few repositories but gathered from experiments in peer proteomics laboratories, which can subsequently be searched by fellow researchers.
The system distributively runs a data-sharing protocol specified in the Lightweight Communication Calculus underlying the system through which researchers interact via message passing. For this, researchers interact with the system through particular components that link to database querying systems based on BLAST and/or OMSSA and GUI-based visualisation environments. We have tested the proposed platform with data drawn from preexisting MS/MS data reservoirs from the 2006 ABRF (Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities) test sample, which was extensively tested during the ABRF Proteomics Standards Research Group 2006 worldwide survey. In particular we have taken the data available from a subset of proteomics laboratories of Spain's National Institute for Proteomics, ProteoRed, a network for the coordination, integration and development of the Spanish proteomics facilities.
Results and Discussion
We performed queries against nine databases including seven ProteoRed proteomics laboratories, the NCBI Swiss-Prot database and the local database of the CSIC/UAB Proteomics Laboratory. A detailed analysis of the results indicated the presence of a protein that was supported by other NCBI matches and highly scored matches in several proteomics labs. The analysis clearly indicated that the protein was a relatively high concentrated contaminant that could be present in the ABRF sample. This fact is evident from the information that could be derived from the proposed P2P proteomics system, however it is not straightforward to arrive to the same conclusion by conventional means as it is difficult to discard organic contamination of samples. The actual presence of this contaminant was only stated after the ABRF study of all the identifications reported by the laboratories.
Roles of hnRNP A1, SR Proteins, and p68 Helicase in c-H-ras Alternative Splicing Regulation
Molecular and Cellular Biology
Human ras genes play central roles in coupling extracellular signals with complex intracellular networks controlling proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, among others processes. c-H-ras pre-mRNA can be alternatively processed into two mRNAs due to the inclusion or exclusion of the alternative exon IDX; this renders two proteins, p21H-Ras and p19H-RasIDX, which differ only at the carboxy terminus. Here, we have characterized some of the cis-acting sequences and trans-acting factors regulating IDX splicing. A downstream intronic silencer sequence (rasISS1), acting in concert with IDX, negatively regulates upstream intron splicing. This effect is mediated, at least in part, by the binding of hnRNP A1. Depletion and add-back experiments in nuclear extracts have confirmed hnRNP A1's inhibitory role in IDX splicing. Moreover, the addition of two SR proteins, SC35 and SRp40, can counteract this inhibition by strongly promoting the splicing of the upstream intron both in vivo and in vitro. Further, the RNA-dependent helicase p68 is also associated with both IDX and rasISS1 RNA, and suppression of p68 expression in HeLa cells by RNAi experiments results in a marked increase of IDX inclusion in the endogenous mRNA, suggesting a role for this protein in alternative splicing regulation.
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