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1.  The lady with a calcified brain 
BMJ Case Reports  2012;2012:bcr0820114668.
The authors present here a case that demonstrates the importance of exclusion of metabolic conditions before giving a diagnosis of Fahr disease. This case also highlights the possibility of exacerbation of hypocalcaemia by antiepileptic agents.
doi:10.1136/bcr.08.2011.4668
PMCID: PMC3316816  PMID: 22605695
2.  Bilateral cystic nephroma with pleuropulmonary blastoma 
BMJ Case Reports  2011;2011:bcr0520114171.
Cystic nephroma is a rare benign renal neoplasm that is purely cystic and is lined by an epithelium. Bilateral cystic nephromas are even rarer with only a handful cases reported in the literature. A case of a 2-year-old male child who presented with bilateral renal cystic masses later diagnosed as cystic nephromas is presented here. Ultrasound, CT scan and histopathological investigations aided in arriving at the correct diagnosis. The most concerning feature was the presence of a fluid filled cystic mass in the lungs, most probably a pleuropulmonary blastoma which is a rare malignant neoplasm known to be associated with bilateral cystic nephromas. The most common presenting symptoms of cystic nephroma are painless abdominal mass, abdominal or flank pain and haematuria. These tumours usually follow a benign course and nephrectomy alone is curative. A close surveillance of such patients is recommended because of elevated risk of other tumours.
doi:10.1136/bcr.05.2011.4171
PMCID: PMC3171057  PMID: 22688934
3.  Falciparum malaria masquerading as appendicitis 
BMJ Case Reports  2011;2011:bcr0120113742.
The incidence of falciparum malaria is very high in India. Falciparum malaria is a multiorgan disease which can present with extremely varied presentations. The severity of the disease and difficulty in its diagnosis require a keen sense of suspicion on the part of the treating physician to diagnose it. Here is an unusual case of falciparum malaria presenting as acute appendicitis. This case did not respond to artemether therapy and that also points towards drug resistance emerging in malaria. The child was operated upon and appendix was found to be inflamed. After a tumultuous postoperative course with symptoms suggestive of acute renal failure, a diagnosis of falciparum malaria was made and quinine started. Recovery was uneventful thereafter.
doi:10.1136/bcr.01.2011.3742
PMCID: PMC3063271  PMID: 22701067
4.  Sub acute sclerosing pan encephalitis despite adequate vaccination 
The Australasian Medical Journal  2012;5(7):359-361.
Sub acute sclerosing pan encephalitis (SSPE) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder related to a persistent and aberrant measles virus infection. It is associated with poor prognosis and high mortality. We report a case of a seven- year-old boy who manifested the disease despite proper vaccination and with no documented past history of measles. The case is being reported for its atypical presentation, rarity and its possibility of occurrence in young vaccinated subjects, possibly due to undocumented pre-vaccination measles infection.
doi:10.4066/AMJ.2012.1262
PMCID: PMC3413002  PMID: 22905063
Subacute sclerosing pan encephalitis; measles; wild type virus; vaccine

Results 1-4 (4)