Cystic nephroma, also called multilocular cystic nephroma, is a relatively rare, nongenetic, benign, unilateral, renal multicystic lesion. The non-specific clinical findings and the poor contribution of imaging examinations make the preoperative diagnostic dilemma from other cystic renal neoplasia; thus nephrectomy seems to be the most preferable treatment. We report a case of cystic nephroma in 11 months old male child presented with asymptomatic lump in abdomen. After a series of examinations including abdominal ultrasound, intravenous pylography and computed tomography, he underwent radical nephrectomy and diagnosis is confirmed on histopathology.
Cystic nephroma; Multilocular cystic nephroma; Cystic renal hamartoma; Cystadenoma; Polycystic nephroma
Cavernous angiomas or hemangiomas or cavernomas are benign, vascular malformations of the central nervous system and classified as occult vascular brain lesions, usually present in adulthood. With the advent of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, these lesions are increasingly recognized in children. We report two cases of pediatric brain cavernomas where the children presented with recurrent seizures. Imaging findings were suggestive of giant cavernous hemangioma. The lesions were excised completely and the patients recovered well without deficits with good control of seizures.
Cavernous hemangioma; epilepsy; giant; magnetic resonance imaging
Meralgia paresthetica presents as tingling sensation in the antero-lateral aspect of thigh. It occurs due to compression of the lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh. Proximal spinal lesions may present as meralgia paresthetica due to radiculopathy. We present a rare case of spinal hydatid with meralgia paresthetica.
Lateral cutaneous nerve; meralgia paresthetica; radiculopathy; spinal hydatid
Intradural lumbar disc herniation (ILDH) is uncommon pathology. In present report, authors present a case of ILDH associated with dorsal herniation of the cauda equina rootlets in a 30-year-old male laborer who had chronic backache since last two years. To the best of our knowledge we are reporting this for first time. Report demonstrates the natural course of ILDH.
Intradural disc herniation; Duroplasty; Herniated cauda equina rootlets
Epithelioidhemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumor of bone, and rarely these lesions can present as unique and extremely aggressive tumor. We report a case of highly aggressive epithelioidhemangioendothelioma and discuss the imaging findings. CT brain plain study revealed a poorly-defined, mixed density expansile and lytic lesion involving the occipital bone with extension to the left side with poorly defined trabecula formation. There was significant but irregular enhancement after intravenous administration of contrast material and also marked bone destruction. Microscopic examination of the fine needle aspiration cytology showed a tumor composed of vascular channels lined by plump endothelial cells, which had enlarged hyperchromatic nuclei. In view of the extensive infiltration the patient was submitted for the radiotherapy.
Hemangioendothelioma; bone tumor; occipital bone
Teratoma is the most commonly encountered germ cell tumour among the most common ovarian tumours; however, teratomas of the omentum and mesentery are extremely rare. They are usually asymptomatic or can produce compressive symptoms. The imaging features are suggestive. The present report describes such a case of primary omental teratoma encountered in a young patient, which was managed by surgical resection. The histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of mature cystic teratoma. Germ cell tumors are congenital tumors containing derivatives of all the three germinal layers, frequently seen in gonads. But their occurrence in extragonadal sites, such as omental teratoma, is relatively rare.
germ cell tumour; endodermal sinus tumour; teratoma.
Rheumatiod arthritis (RA) is a multisystem connective tissue disorder. The predominant presentation is polyarticular, symmetric peripheral arthritis with relative sparing of axial skeleton. Inflammatory synovitis is the pathologic hallmark. Extra-articular manifestations of RA can involve several other organ systems and amongst them pulmonary manifestations occur commonly. We report a case of rheumatoid interstitial lung disease presenting as cor pulmonale.
Axial; cor pulmonale; polyarticular; pulmonary; rheumatoid arthritis; skeleton; synovitis
Traumatic diaphragmatic injury (DI) is a unique clinical entity that is usually occult and can easily be missed. Their delayed presentation can be due to the delayed rupture of the diaphragm or delayed detection of diaphragmatic rupture, making the accurate diagnosis of DI challenging to the trauma surgeons. An emergency laparotomy and thorough exploration followed by the repair of the defect is the gold standard for the management of these cases. We report a case of blunt DI in an elderly gentleman and present a comprehensive overview for the management of traumatic injuries of the diaphragm.
Blunt diaphragmatic rupture; hemopneumothorax; herniation and strangulation; thoracotomy
We present an illustrative case of osteoid osteoma of the femur, in an 11 year old male child where the clinical features were masquerading the diagnosis of tethered cord syndrome and lead to the delay in diagnosis.
Osteoid osteoma; tethered cord syndrome; pediatric tumor; femur
Blunt trauma to the parotid gland is extremely rare and requires considerable force. We present a unique case in which a child sustained parotid injury without any associated injury to the facial skeleton, parotid gland and ductal structures and managed successfully. A literature search revealed that this type of injury has not been reported previously.
Parotid; salivary gland; trauma