Extensive bleeding associated with liver transplantation is a major challenge faced by transplant surgeons, worldwide.
To evaluate the blood component consumption and determine preoperative factors that predict the same in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT).
Settings and Design:
This prospective study was performed for a 1 year period, from March 2010 to February 2011.
Materials and Methods:
Intra- and postoperative utilization of blood components in 152 patients undergoing LDLT was evaluated and preoperative patient parameters like age, gender, height, weight, disease etiology, hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), platelet count (Plt), total leukocyte count (TLC), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), international normalized ratio (INR), serum bilirubin (T. bilirubin), total proteins (T. proteins), albumin to globulin ratio (A/G ratio), serum creatinine (S. creatinine), blood urea (B. urea), and serum electrolytes were assessed to determine their predictive values. Univariate and stepwise discriminant analysis identified those factors, which could predict the consumption of each blood component.
The average utilization of packed red cells (PRCs), cryoprecipitates (cryo), apheresis platelets, and fresh frozen plasma was 8.48 units, 2.19 units, 0.93 units, and 2,025 ml, respectively. Disease etiology and blood component consumption were significantly correlated. Separate prediction models which could predict consumption of each blood component in intra and postoperative phase of LDLT were derived from among the preoperative Hb, Hct, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, body surface area (BSA), Plt, T. proteins, S. creatinine, B. urea, INR, and serum sodium and chloride.
Preoperative variables can effectively predict the blood component requirements during liver transplantation, thereby allowing blood transfusion services in being better prepared for surgical procedure.