Time perspective, a psychological construct reflecting guidance by present or future concerns, may motivate engagement in health behaviors. We examined associations between time perspective and smoking, body mass index, and exercise.
In this community-based survey, adults reported smoking and exercise habits and weight and height, and completed the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory.
Subjects (N = 265) who were more future-oriented reported more frequent exercise, but were more likely to smoke. Fatalistic and hedonistic present orientations were not associated with smoking, obesity, or exercise.
Time perspective is not consistently associated with common health behaviors in adults.