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2.  Presence of systemic autoimmune disorders in patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases 
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  2004;63(9):1159-1161.
Methods: 168 consecutive patients with ATD with positive antithyroid antibodies and 75 healthy subjects were tested for the presence of ANA. ANA positive patients were further evaluated by complete history, physical examination, blood and urine tests, and immunological studies. Patients with subjective xerophthalmia and xerostomia were examined by objective tests.
Results: 58/168 (35%) patients with ATD were ANA positive compared with 7/75 (9%) healthy controls (p = 0.001). Of 58 ANA positive patients, 6 (10%) had anti-Ro antibodies, 1 had anti-Ro and anti-La antibodies, 7 (12%) had anti-dsDNA antibodies, and 7 (12%) had medium levels of IgG and/or IgM anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL). No healthy subjects had positive anti-dsDNA, antibodies against the extractable nuclear antigens, or aCL. 5/58 (9%) patients fulfilled the criteria for Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Two patients had features related to systemic lupus erythematosus. No healthy subjects had clinical or laboratory characteristics of systemic autoimmune disorders.
Conclusion: ANA are detected in 1/3 of patients with ATD. Anti-dsDNA, anti-Ro, and aCL can also be found in ANA positive patients with ATD. SS occurs in about 1/10 of ANA positive patients with ATD.
PMCID: PMC1755126  PMID: 15308528
3.  Right ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with anticardiolipin antibodies and antiphospholipid syndrome 
OBJECTIVE—To evaluate the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction in patients with anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and to examine whether the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is associated with diastolic dysfunction independently of valvular abnormalities and systolic dysfunction.
METHODS—Pulsed, continuous, colour Doppler echocardiography was performed in 179 subjects, of whom 15 were excluded from the analysis because of systolic dysfunction or severe valvular disease. The remaining 164 subjects included 29 patients with primary APS, 26 patients with secondary APS (APS in the presence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)), and 30 patients with SLE and aCL but without APS; 43 patients with SLE without aCL and 36 normal volunteers served as control groups.
RESULTS—The groups compared differed significantly in all measures of right ventricular function. There was a gradation of increasing diastolic function impairment as manifested by prolonged deceleration time (DT) and isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) across the groups of patients with SLE without aCL, SLE with aCL, secondary APS, and primary APS. Differences in left ventricular diastolic function measures were less prominent. In regression analysis, DT increased by 19.6 ms (p=0.002) in the presence of primary APS and by 20.1 ms (p=0.038) in the presence of pulmonary hypertension. The titre of IgG aCL was the strongest predictor of a prolonged IVRT.
CONCLUSION—Diastolic dysfunction, in particular of the right ventricle—that is, independent of valvular disease and systolic dysfunction, is a prominent feature of APS and may be related to the pathogenesis of the syndrome.

PMCID: PMC1753369  PMID: 11114281

Results 1-3 (3)