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1.  A multi-institutional phase II study of combination chemotherapy with S-1 plus cisplatin in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer 
Oncology Letters  2011;2(3):465-470.
S-1 is an oral anticancer fluoropyrimidine agent designed to elevate anticancer activity with a decrease in gastrointestinal toxicity. We conducted a phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination chemotherapy with S-1 plus cisplatin in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Chemotherapy-naïve patients were treated with S-1 administered orally at 40 mg/m2 twice a day for 21 consecutive days, and cisplatin (60 mg/m2) infused intravenously on day 8, repeated every 5 weeks. Of the 44 patients enrolled in the study, 40 were assessable for efficacy and safety. The median number of cycles administered was 3 (range 1–9 cycles). Among the 40 assessable patients, 7 partial responses were observed, with an overall response rate (RR) of 17.5% [95% confidence interval (CI), 5.2–29.8]. Patients with squamous cell carcinoma showed a significantly higher RR (55.5%) than those with adenocarcinoma (9.1%) or other types of NSCLC (0%). The median progression-free survival was 4.3 months (95% CI, 3.4–4.9), the median survival time was 17.9 months (95% CI, 15.0–20.8), and the 1- and 2-year survival rates were 63.3 and 27.3%, respectively. Major grade 3–4 hematologic toxicities were leukocytopenia (7.5%), neutropenia (5.0%), anemia (15.0%) and thrombocytopenia (2.5%). No grade 4 non-hematologic toxicity or treatment-related death occurred. These results suggest that combination chemotherapy with S-1 plus cisplatin is a promising therapeutic candidate for patients with advanced NSCLC, particularly squamous cell carcinoma.
doi:10.3892/ol.2011.266
PMCID: PMC3410486  PMID: 22866104
combination chemotherapy; S-1; cisplatin; non-small cell lung cancer
2.  VLA-4-dependent and -independent pathways in cell contact-induced proinflammatory cytokine production by synovial nurse-like cells from rheumatoid arthritis patients 
Arthritis Research  2002;4(6):R10.
Nurse-like stromal cell lines from the synovial tissue of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA-SNC) produce, on coculture with lymphocytes, large amounts of proinflammatory cytokines. In the present paper, we analyze the molecular events necessary for the induction of cytokine release from RA-SNC cells, and particularly the roles played by cell adhesion and the transmigration (also known as pseudoemperipolesis) of lymphocytes. For this purpose, the effects of various mAbs on the binding and transmigration of a human B-cell line, MC/car, were examined using a cloned RA-SNC line, RA-SNC77. To analyze the role of lymphocyte binding and transmigration on upregulated cytokine production by the RA-SNC77 cells, we used C3 exoenzyme-treated MC/car cells, which could bind to RA-SNC77 cells but could not transmigrate. Treatment with anti-CD29 or anti-CD49d mAb significantly reduced binding and transmigration of the MC/car cells. In contrast, the neutralizing anti-CD106/vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 mAb did not show any inhibitory effect. Likewise, none of the neutralizing mAbs against CD11a, CD18, CD44, CD49e, or CD54 showed significant effects. Binding of C3-treated or untreated MC/car cells to RA-SNC77 cells induced comparable levels of IL-6 and IL-8 production. In addition, the enhanced cytokine production by RA-SNC77 cells required direct lymphocyte contact via a very late antigen-4 (VLA-4)-independent adhesion pathway. These results indicate that, although both the VLA-4-dependent/vascular cell adhesion molecule 1-independent and the VLA4-independent adhesion pathways are involved in MC/car binding and subsequent transmigration, only the VLA4-independent adhesion pathway is necessary and sufficient for the enhanced proinflammatory cytokine production by RA-SNC77 cells. The transmigration process, which is dependent on Rho-GTPase, is not a prerequisite for this phenomenon.
PMCID: PMC153839  PMID: 12453313
cell adhesion; cytokine production; nurse cells; rheumatoid arthritis; transmigration
3.  Endoscopic Neck Surgery for Thyroid Carcinoma 
In the past 5 years, endoscopic neck surgery has been performed by various surgeons in Japan. However, many problems remain to be solved, including indications for this related in malignant thyroid tumors. For small thyroid cancers and legions suspected of malignancy, we found that we could obtain radicality in endoscopic neck surgery that was comparable to that attainable by conventional methods. Here, we describe our recent endoscopic surgical experience in five patients with preoperative diagnoses of definite or suspected thyroid carcinoma.
doi:10.1155/DTE.7.135
PMCID: PMC2362840  PMID: 18493557

Results 1-3 (3)