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author:("perard, D")
1.  Analysis of Bordetella pertussis clinical isolates circulating in European countries during the period 1998–2012 
Despite more than 50 years of vaccination, pertussis is still an endemic disease, with regular epidemic outbreaks. With the exception of Poland, European countries have replaced whole-cell vaccines (WCVs) by acellular vaccines (ACVs) in the 1990s. Worldwide, antigenic divergence in vaccine antigens has been found between vaccine strains and circulating strains. In this work, 466 Bordetella pertussis isolates collected in the period 1998–2012 from 13 European countries were characterised by multi-locus antigen sequence typing (MAST) of the pertussis toxin promoter (ptxP) and of the genes coding for proteins used in the ACVs: pertussis toxin (Ptx), pertactin (Prn), type 2 fimbriae (Fim2) and type 3 fimbriae (Fim3). Isolates were further characterised by fimbrial serotyping, multi-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The results showed a very similar B. pertussis population for 12 countries using ACVs, while Poland, which uses a WCV, was quite distinct, suggesting that ACVs and WCVs select for different B. pertussis populations. This study forms a baseline for future studies on the effect of vaccination programmes on B. pertussis populations.
Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10096-014-2297-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
PMCID: PMC4365279  PMID: 25527446
2.  Confirmation diagnosis of influenza A(H1N1)2009 by Belgian sentinel laboratories during the epidemic phase 
Archives of Public Health  2010;68(2):76-82.
PMCID: PMC3463024
Influenza; A(H1N1)pandemic; epidemiology; laboratory diagnosis
4.  Clonal relatedness of Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli O101 strains of human and porcine origin. 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  1995;33(12):3174-3178.
Shiga-like toxin (SLT)-producing Escherichia coli (SLTEC) O101 has recently been associated with hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic-uremic syndrome in humans. In this study, SLTEC O101 strains from humans and pigs were characterized for clonal relatedness by nucleotide sequence analysis of their slt genes, DNA finger-printing of genomic DNA, and determination of virulence factors. The slt genes of five E. coli O101 strains were cloned and sequenced. For all strains, the deduced amino acid sequences of the B subunits were identical to those of the SLT-IIe present in the classical SLTEC O139 strains that cause edema disease in pigs. The A subunit revealed more than 99% homology to that of SLT-IIe. DNA fingerprinting revealed a high degree of genetic relatedness between the human and porcine O101 isolates. None of the O101 strains investigated had virulence factors frequently found in porcine (F107 fimbriae or heat-stable or heat-labile enterotoxins) or human SLTEC strains (eaeA or enterohemorrhagic E. coli hemolysin). The absence of virulence factors typical of SLT-I- and SLT-II-producing E. Coli together with the presence of SLT-IIe, a toxin previously seen only in porcine E. coli, suggests a new pathogenic mechanism for E. coli O101 infection of humans. For diagnostic purposes, we recommend the use of PCR primers and DNA probes complementary to slt-IIe to correctly identify such strains and to further evaluate their role in human diseases.
PMCID: PMC228667  PMID: 8586696
5.  Discrimination of epidemic and sporadic isolates of Arcobacter butzleri by polymerase chain reaction-mediated DNA fingerprinting. 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  1993;31(12):3317-3319.
DNA polymorphisms of Arcobacter butzleri outbreak-related strains and Arcobacter reference strains were determined by use of the polymerase chain reaction with primers aimed at repetitive sequences. The epidemiological relationship among 14 outbreak-related strains was substantiated, as they showed virtually no genomic variations. Their DNA amplification patterns were, however, clearly different from those of all Arcobacter reference strains studied; each reference strain was characterized by a unique DNA fingerprint.
PMCID: PMC266416  PMID: 8308127
6.  Aztreonam treatment of gram-negative septicemia. 
Seventy-five aztreonam treatment courses in 74 patients with gram-negative septicemia resulted in 56 clinical cures (75%), 12 partial clinical cures (16%), and 7 clinical failures (9%). Eradication of the original pathogen from the blood was obtained in all patients but two, who had relapses 1 and 4 days, respectively, after treatment. In nine patients (12%) a superinfection was reported. Significant adverse reactions were limited to one transient urticarial rash. Aztreonam may prove to be an effective alternative for the treatment of gram-negative septicemia, but superinfections should be carefully monitored.
PMCID: PMC176412  PMID: 3717938
7.  Group JK corynebacterium peritonitis in a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  1983;18(4):1011-1014.
We describe a case of peritonitis with isolation of a group JK corynebacterium from the peritoneal effluent in a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and treated with corticosteroids. Therapy with intraperitoneal vancomycin resulted in a rapid eradication of the organism. However, only 1 month after discontinuation of the 26-day therapy, a second episode of peritonitis with JK corynebacterium occurred. After vancomycin was restarted, the organism disappeared again from the peritoneal fluid, but the patient died a few days later from heart failure apparently unrelated to the infection. Some authors have mentioned the isolation of diphtheroids (without further identification) from peritoneal effluent of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients, but to our knowledge, this is the first report of peritonitis associated with JK corynebacterium, an opportunistic organism that must be differentiated from other corynebacteria.
PMCID: PMC270957  PMID: 6630457

Results 1-7 (7)