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Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology (1)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (1)
Brown, Laura B. (1)
Cahn-Weiner, Deborah A. (1)
Kolar, Stephanie K. (1)
Lannon, Margaret C. (1)
Maxwell, Charleen (1)
Messer, Melissa A. (1)
Ott, Brian R. (1)
Rogers, Brooke (1)
Rogers, Brooke G. (1)
Souza, Timothy (1)
Stern, Robert A. (1)
Webb Hooper, Monica (1)
White, Travis (1)
Year of Publication
Support for Indoor Bans on Electronic Cigarettes among Current and Former Smokers
Kolar, Stephanie K.
Webb Hooper, Monica
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Objectives: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is increasing in the U.S. Although marketed as a safer alternative for cigarettes, initial evidence suggests that e-cigarettes may pose a secondhand exposure risk. The current study explored the prevalence and correlates of support for e-cigarette bans. Methods: A sample of 265 current/former smokers completed a cross-sectional telephone survey from June–September 2014; 45% Black, 31% White, 21% Hispanic. Items assessed support for home and workplace bans for cigarettes and e-cigarettes and associated risk perceptions. Results: Most participants were aware of e-cigarettes (99%). Results demonstrated less support for complete e-cigarette bans in homes and workplaces compared to cigarettes. Support for complete e-cigarette bans was strongest among older, higher income, married respondents, and former smokers. Complete e-cigarette bans were most strongly endorsed when perceptions of addictiveness and health risks were high. While both e-cigarette lifetime and never-users strongly supported cigarette smoking bans, endorsement for e-cigarette bans varied by lifetime use and intentions to use e-cigarettes. Conclusions: Support for indoor e-cigarette bans is relatively low among individuals with a smoking history. Support for e-cigarette bans may change as evidence regarding their use emerges. These findings have implications for public health policy.
electronic cigarette; E-cigarette; vaping; secondhand vapor; nicotine; environmental smoke
Driving Scenes test of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB) and on-road driving performance in aging and very mild dementia
Brown, Laura B.
Stern, Robert A.
Cahn-Weiner, Deborah A.
Messer, Melissa A.
Lannon, Margaret C.
Ott, Brian R.
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology
The Driving Scenes test of the new Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB; [Stern, R.A., & White, T. (2003a). Neuropsychological Assessment Battery. Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.]) measures several aspects of visual attention thought to be important for driving ability. The current study examined the relationship between scores on the Driving Scenes test and on-road driving performance on a standardized driving test. Healthy participants performed significantly better on the Driving Scenes test than did very mildly demented participants. A correlation of 0.55 was found between the brief, office-based Driving Scenes test and the 108-point on-road driving score. Furthermore, the Driving Scenes test scores differed significantly across the driving instructor’s three global ratings (safe, marginal, and unsafe), and results of a discriminant function analysis indicated that the Driving Scenes test correctly classified 66% of participants into these groups. Thus, the new NAB Driving Scenes test appears to have good ecological validity for real-world driving ability in normal and very mildly demented older adults.
Driving; Aging; Dementia; Neuropsychology; Attention; Visual
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