Search tips
Search criteria

Results 1-6 (6)

Clipboard (0)

Select a Filter Below

Year of Publication
1.  Genetic Variability of Beauveria bassiana and a DNA Marker for Environmental Monitoring of a Highly Virulent Isolate Against Cosmopolites sordidus 
Indian Journal of Microbiology  2012;52(4):569-574.
The banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) is one of a number of pests that attack banana crops. The use of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana as a biological control agent for this pest may contribute towards reducing the application of chemical insecticides on banana crops. In this study, the genetic variability of a collection of Brazilian isolates of B. bassiana was evaluated. Samples were obtained from various geographic regions of Brazil, and from different hosts of the Curculionidae family. Based on the DNA fingerprints generated by RAPD and AFLP, we found that 92 and 88 % of the loci were polymorphic, respectively. The B. bassiana isolates were attributed to two genotypic clusters based on the RAPD data, and to three genotypic clusters, when analyzed with AFLP. The nucleotide sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA intergenic spacers confirmed that all isolates are in fact B. bassiana. Analysis of molecular variance showed that variability among the isolates was not correlated with geographic origin or hosts. A RAPD-specific marker for isolate CG 1024, which is highly virulent to C. sordidus, was cloned and sequenced. Based on the sequences obtained, specific PCR primers BbasCG1024F (5′-TGC GGC TGA GGA GGA CT-3′) and BbasCG1024R (5′-TGC GGC TGA GTG TAG AAC-3′) were designed for detecting and monitoring this isolate in the field.
Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s12088-012-0292-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
PMCID: PMC3516667  PMID: 24293712
RAPD; AFLP; Strain-specific molecular marker; Environmental monitoring; Biological control
2.  Identification of Stylosanthes guianensis varieties using molecular genetic analysis 
AoB Plants  2012;2012:pls001.
Molecular genetic diversity and population structure analysis were used to clarify the controversial botanical classification of Stylosanthes guianensis. The accessions were clustered in nine groups, each of which was mainly composed of only one of the four botanical varieties.
Background and aims
The botanical classification of Stylosanthes guianensis is controversial, and few studies have used molecular markers to analyse this species. We used microsatellite markers to study the genetic diversity and population structure of S. guianensis and compare our results with the current infraspecific botanical classification.
A representative sample from the S. guianensis Brazilian germplasm collection (150 accessions) was analysed using 20 microsatellite loci. A model-based Bayesian approach implemented in the software STRUCTURE was used to assign accessions into clusters. A dendrogram was constructed based on Roger's genetic distances.
Principal results
The number of alleles per locus varied from 2 to 11, with an average of 4.7. The observed (HO) and expected (HE) heterozygosity values varied from 0 to 0.58 (mean of 0.18) and from 0.04 to 0.83 (mean of 0.55), respectively. Nine groups were assembled in STRUCTURE, and these groups were consistent with clusters inferred from the genetic distances and taxonomic varieties described for S. guianensis. The GST among the nine groups was 0.46.
The low HO and the GST values observed are in agreement with the outcrossing rate (26 %) estimated for this species. The data indicate a high genetic diversity among and within the botanical varieties and suggest that microsatellite-based information can be combined with classical taxonomy to elucidate infraspecific levels.
PMCID: PMC3292737  PMID: 22479672
3.  Repeated echocardiographic examinations of patients with suspected infective endocarditis 
Heart  2004;90(9):1020-1024.
Objective: To study the diagnostic contribution of repeated transthoracic (TTE) and transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) among patients with suspected infective endocarditis.
Methods: 262 patients with 266 episodes of suspected infective endocarditis were referred for TTE and TOE over three years in a 423 bed university cardiology hospital. Patients were a mean (SD) of 47.6 (17.9) years old. 139 (52.3%) episodes occurred in men and 127 (47.7%) in women. The diagnostic information obtained from repeated TTE and TOE examinations was evaluated relative to the diagnosis of endocarditis.
Results: TTE examinations were repeated in 192 (72.2%) and TOE examinations were repeated in 49 (18.4%) of 266 episodes. A mean of 2.4 TTE and 1.2 TOE examinations were performed for each episode of suspected endocarditis. The second and third TTEs added diagnostic information in 34 (26.7%) and the second and third TOEs added diagnostic information in 25 (19.7%) of 127 episodes with definite endocarditis. After the third TTE or TOE no additional diagnostic information was obtained.
Conclusions: The diagnostic contribution of repeated TTE or TOE for the diagnosis of endocarditis decreased as the number of repetitions increased. In this setting, the data do not substantiate more than three TTE or TOE examinations as an efficient strategy to increase the diagnostic yield for all but selected patients with suspected endocarditis.
PMCID: PMC1768449  PMID: 15310690
endocarditis; echocardiography; diagnosis
4.  Report of a Large Brazilian Family With a Very Attenuated Form of Hunter Syndrome (MPS II) 
JIMD Reports  2011;4:125-128.
Hunter syndrome, or Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), is a rare X-linked recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS). The phenotypic spectrum varies from severe to attenuated clinical forms. We report a large Brazilian family with 16 affected individuals exhibiting a very attenuated form of MPS II. Fourteen female carriers were also identified. Twelve affected male patients, whose ages ranged from 1 to 35 years, were examined. Molecular analysis showed a novel missense mutation (p.A77D) in the IDS gene, confirming the diagnosis. Nine of the family members presented some degree of heart damage, though only the proband became symptomatic and required heart transplantation. One 19-year-old adult and 1-year-old twin boys each had a normal echocardiogram. Short stature was found in two adults while macrocephaly was found in one; the remaining adults had anthropometric measures within normal range. All affected adults had normal cognitive development and were able to perform normal daily activities, except one who had mild learning disability. Two patients died due to natural causes beyond 70 years of age. The female carriers did not present any signs of disease. In this large family with a mild form of MPS II and variable degree of clinical manifestations, it is noteworthy that several affected individuals have remained asymptomatic even at advanced age and even without enzyme replacement therapy.
PMCID: PMC3509904  PMID: 23430907
5.  Impact of continuous positive airway pressure treatment on left atrial volume and function in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea assessed by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography 
Heart  2009;95(22):1872-1878.
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) has been reported as a predictor of left ventricle (LV) diastolic dysfunction and left atrium (LA) remodelling. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of OSA treatment with a continuous positive airway pressure device (CPAP) on the LA volume and function, as well as on the LV diastolic function.
In total, 56 OSA patients were studied. All patients underwent real-time three-dimensional (RT3DE) and two-dimensional echocardiogram with tissue Doppler evaluation in order to estimate LA volumes, function and LV diastolic performance. A total of 30 patients with an apnoea-hypopnoea index greater than 20 were randomly selected to receive sham CPAP (n = 15) or effective CPAP (n = 15) for 24 weeks. They underwent echo examination on three different occasions: at baseline, after 12 weeks and 24 weeks of CPAP or sham CPAP.
In the effective CPAP group we observed the following changes from the baseline to the 24-week echo evaluation: (a) a reduction in the E/E′ ratio (10.3 (1.9) to 7.9 (1.3), p = 0.03); (b) an increase in the LA passive emptying fraction (28.8% (11.9%) to 46.8% (9.3%), p = 0.01); and (c) a reduction in the LA active emptying fraction (42.7% (11.5%) to 25.7 (15.7), p<0.01). In the sham group, there were no changes from the baseline to the 24-week echo. We found a positive correlation between 24 week/baseline LA active emptying volume and 24 week/baseline E/E′ ratios (r = 0.40, p<0.05) and a negative correlation between 24 week/baseline LA passive emptying volume and 24 week/baseline E/E′ ratios (r = −0.53, p<0.05). No significant changes were found on LA total emptying fraction.
CPAP improved LV diastolic function and LA passive emptying, but not LA structural variables in OSA patients.
Trial registration number:
PMCID: PMC2764351  PMID: 19643769

Results 1-6 (6)