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1.  Single-dose cephalexin therapy for acute bacterial urinary tract infections and acute urethral syndrome with bladder bacteriuria. 
The efficacy of single-dose therapy with 3 g of cephalexin was evaluated in 129 women with symptoms of acute uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections. Of 91 patients with significant bacteriuria, 61 (67%) were cured of their original infection; this was similar to the 54 to 79% cure rates reported in unselected populations of women of a wide age range treated for acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections with a single dose of amoxicillin or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (J. Rosenstock, L. P. Smith, M. Gurney, K. Lee, W. G. Weinberg, J. N. Longfield, W. B. Tauber, and W. W. Karney, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 27:652-654, 1985; N. E. Tolkoff-Rubin, M. E. Wilson, P. Zuromskis, I. Jacoby, A. R. Martin, and R. H. Rubin, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 25:626-629, 1984). The cure rates of (87%) for our younger patients, those less than 25 years of age, was better than that (46%) for our patients over 40 years of age (P less than 0.001). Patients with infections that were negative in an antibody-coated bacteria test were cured at a significantly higher rate than those with infections that were positive in an antibody-coated bacteria test (71 versus 19%; P = 0.003). Those patients with infections caused by cephalexin-susceptible organisms were cured at a rate similar to that for patients with infections caused by cephalexin-resistant organisms (68 versus 50%; P = 0.62). The cure rate for suburban patients was 90%, versus 45% for inner-city patients (P = 0.008). Of the 28 women with acute urethral syndrome due to low-level bacteriuria, 27 were cured.
PMCID: PMC180398  PMID: 3717940
2.  Effect of Renal Failure and Dialysis on the Serum Concentration of the Aminoglycoside Amikacin 
Serum and dialysate levels of amikacin were determined at appropriate intervals after a 300-mg intravenous dose as a continuous infusion in six patients with end-stage renal failure undergoing hemodialysis and in three patients on peritoneal dialysis. The mean serum half-life of amikacin was 3.75 h during (or after) hemodialysis and 29 h during (or after) peritoneal dialysis. Although not on hemodialysis in the same six patients, the serum half-life was 28 h. The results indicate that the maintenance dose of amikacin should be markedly decreased in patients with severe renal failure even if they are treated with peritoneal dialysis, and that serial serum antibiotic concentrations are essential to prevent cumulative toxicity of the drug.
PMCID: PMC429772  PMID: 984789
3.  Protein Binding of Semisynthetic Penicillins 
Postgraduate Medical Journal  1964;40(Suppl):23-30.
PMCID: PMC2483102  PMID: 14246845
5.  In vitro susceptibility patterns of methicillin-resistant and-susceptible Staphylococcus auerues strains in a population of parenteral drug abusers from 1972 to 1981. 
Since 1980, infections caused by methicillin-resistant (MR) Staphylococcus aureus have been epidemic among Detroit-area parenteral drug abusers. Because of the increasing importance of this pathogen, in vitro susceptibilities were compared for 39 isolates of MR S. aureus from 1980 to 1981, and for 56 strains of methicillin-susceptible (MS) S. aureus from 1972 to 1981, recovered from drug abusers with community-acquired infections. Agar dilution studies were performed at 35 degrees C, and minimal inhibitory concentrations were determined after incubation for 18 and 48 h. MR S. aureus exhibited cross-resistance to other beta-lactam antibiotics which frequently required 48 h for expression. MR S. aureus isolates were also resistant to tetracycline, clindamycin, tobramycin, and amikacin. All MR S. aureus isolates investigated synthesized an aminoglycoside 4'-nucleotidyltransferase. Emergence of resistance to cefotaxime, tetracycline, and clindamycin was noted among current MS S. aureus isolates. Vancomycin, fusidic acid, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, and rifampin were the most active agents against MR S. aureus and were equally effective against MS S. aureus.
PMCID: PMC184668  PMID: 6552151
6.  Effect of clavulanic acid on minimal inhibitory concentrations of 16 antimicrobial agents tested against Legionella pneumophila. 
A total of 15 Legionella pneumophilia isolated were tested against 16 antimicrobial agents used singly and in combination with clavulanic acid. When combined with clavulanic acid, 4 of the 16 antimicrobial agents produced no enhanced effect. However, the minimal inhibitory concentrations of 12 of the antimicrobial agents were reduced by one-half to one-third when in combination with clavulanic acid. These reductions reflected only a one-dilution decrease, however, in the original minimal inhibitory concentrations. Thus, clavulanic acid combinations appear to be only nominally effective beta-lactamase inhibitors against L. pneumophilia.
PMCID: PMC283995  PMID: 6969575

Results 1-6 (6)