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1.  Colistin-Resistant, Lipopolysaccharide-Deficient Acinetobacter baumannii Responds to Lipopolysaccharide Loss through Increased Expression of Genes Involved in the Synthesis and Transport of Lipoproteins, Phospholipids, and Poly-β-1,6-N-Acetylglucosamine 
We recently demonstrated that colistin resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii can result from mutational inactivation of genes essential for lipid A biosynthesis (Moffatt JH, et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 54:4971–4977). Consequently, strains harboring these mutations are unable to produce the major Gram-negative bacterial surface component, lipopolysaccharide (LPS). To understand how A. baumannii compensates for the lack of LPS, we compared the transcriptional profile of the A. baumannii type strain ATCC 19606 to that of an isogenic, LPS-deficient, lpxA mutant strain. The analysis of the expression profiles indicated that the LPS-deficient strain showed increased expression of many genes involved in cell envelope and membrane biogenesis. In particular, upregulated genes included those involved in the Lol lipoprotein transport system and the Mla-retrograde phospholipid transport system. In addition, genes involved in the synthesis and transport of poly-β-1,6-N-acetylglucosamine (PNAG) also were upregulated, and a corresponding increase in PNAG production was observed. The LPS-deficient strain also exhibited the reduced expression of genes predicted to encode the fimbrial subunit FimA and a type VI secretion system (T6SS). The reduced expression of genes involved in T6SS correlated with the detection of the T6SS-effector protein AssC in culture supernatants of the A. baumannii wild-type strain but not in the LPS-deficient strain. Taken together, these data show that, in response to total LPS loss, A. baumannii alters the expression of critical transport and biosynthesis systems associated with modulating the composition and structure of the bacterial surface.
PMCID: PMC3256090  PMID: 22024825
2.  Resequencing the Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis K10 Genome: Improved Annotation and Revised Genome Sequence ▿  
Journal of Bacteriology  2010;192(23):6319-6320.
We report the resequencing and revised annotation of the Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis K10 genome. A total of 90 single-nucleotide errors and a 51-bp indel in the original K10 genome were corrected, and the whole genome annotation was revised. Correction of these sequencing errors resulted in 28 frameshift alterations. The amended genome sequence is accessible via the supplemental section of study SRR060191 in the NCBI Sequence Read Archive and will serve as a valuable reference genome for future studies.
PMCID: PMC2981200  PMID: 20870759
3.  Complete Genome Sequence of Staphylococcus aureus Strain JKD6159, a Unique Australian Clone of ST93-IV Community Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus▿  
Journal of Bacteriology  2010;192(20):5556-5557.
Community methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (cMRSA) is an emerging issue that has resulted in multiple worldwide epidemics. We report the first complete genome sequence of an ST93-MRSA-IV clinical isolate that caused severe invasive infection and a familial outbreak of skin infection. This isolate is a representative of the most common Australian clone of cMRSA that is more distantly related to the previously sequenced genomes of S. aureus.
PMCID: PMC2950503  PMID: 20729356
4.  Differential Expression of the Bhmp39 Major Outer Membrane Proteins of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae  
Infection and Immunity  2006;74(6):3271-3276.
The enteric, anaerobic spirochete Brachyspira hyodysenteriae is the causative agent of swine dysentery, a severe mucohemorrhagic diarrheal disease of pigs that has economic significance in every major pork-producing country. Recent investigation into potential vaccine candidates has focused on the outer membrane proteins of B. hyodysenteriae. Bhmp39 (formerly Vsp39) is the most abundant surface-exposed outer membrane protein of B. hyodysenteriae; its predicted gene sequence has previously been shown to share sequence similarity to eight genes divided evenly between two paralogous loci. The peptide sequence suggested that Bhmp39 is encoded by one of these genes, bhmp39h. The biological significance of maintaining eight homologous bhmp39 genes is unclear, though it has been proposed that this may play a role in antigenic variation. In this study, real-time, reverse transcription-PCR was used to demonstrate that bhmp39f and bhmp39h were the transcripts most abundantly expressed by B. hyodysenteriae strain B204 cultured under in vitro growth conditions. Mass spectrometry data of the purified 39-kDa membrane protein showed that both Bhmp39f and Bhmp39h were present. Northern blot analysis across predicted Rho-independent terminators demonstrated that the genes of the bhmp39efgh locus result in monocistronic transcripts.
PMCID: PMC1479239  PMID: 16714554

Results 1-4 (4)