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1.  The significance of clinicopathological aspects of tumor for the detection of liver micrometastasis in patients with colorectal cancer 
Colorectal tumor is one of the main causes of death in our country. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinicopathological aspects of tumor and the presence of hepatic micrometastasis in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).
Materials and Methods:
Forty two patients with CRC were evaluated in the study surgical treatment was performed and liver biopsy was taken for the evaluation of micrometastasis by immunohistochemistry and polymerase chain reaction. The variables that have been evaluated were: Patient's gender, patients age at the time of diagnosis, size and location of tumor, tumor-node-metastasis stage and grade of the primary tumor, lymph node involvement, lymphovascular and neural invasion, presence of macrometastasis and carcinoembryonic antigen level prior to surgery. After 1 year patients were called and asked to come back to the clinic for elective colonoscopy to evaluate the surgical site for recurrence of tumor and survival. All variables were compared between patients in whom liver micrometastasis were present in comparison with patients without liver micrometastasis.
Of the studied patients (6 with positive micrometatsis and 36 without micrometstasis), 38 were alive after 1 year (6 with positive micrometatsis and 32 without micrometstasis) and the difference was not significant between groups with or without micrometastasis (P = 0.52). In four of survived patients colonoscopy was abnormal, however this difference was not also significant between groups (P = 0.59).
Clinicopathologic aspect of tumor was not different in CRC patients with and without hepatic micrometastasis.
PMCID: PMC4116571  PMID: 25097622
Colorectal cancer; immunohistochemistry; micrometastasis; polymerase chain reaction
2.  Successful auto-implantation of hepatic cells in lung tissue: An animal study 
This study was proposed to evaluate a new method for autograft transplantation of liver tissue fragments (LTF) in the lung parenchyma and bronchus of dogs and to compare the results to find out if they are suitable sites for hepatocyte implantation or not.
Materials and Methods:
The dogs were randomly assigned into two categories: LTF auto-transplantation to the lung parenchyma and into the bronchus. The suspensions of normal saline and LTF were injected and implanted into the lung parenchyma and the main bronchus of the right accessory lobe in first and second groups, respectively. Two weeks later the right accessory lobe was removed and sent for a histopathological study. All samples were checked under a light microscope with regard to the presence of hepatocytes, with both the Hematoxylin and Eosin (H and E) preparation and immunohistochemistry (IHC) method, using a CK-18 marker. All results were double-checked with a polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
The mean weight of all the dogs was 19.87 ± 0.93 kg and mean age was 3.58 ± 0.31 years. After 15 days, the H and E, IHC, and PCR studies revealed that in the first group, all the dogs (n = 4) had living liver tissue, which survived in the lung parenchyma successfully. In contrast, none of the dogs (n = 0) in the second group showed surviving hepatocytes in the bronchus (P < 0.001).
Implantation of the LTFs into the lung parenchyma could be a source of hepatic cell production.
PMCID: PMC3872589  PMID: 24381624
Auto-transplantation; IHC; PCR
3.  Micrometastasis in non–small-cell lung cancer: Detection and staging 
Annals of Thoracic Medicine  2012;7(3):149-152.
The clinical relevance of bone marrow micrometastasis (BMM) in non–small-cell lung cancer is undetermined, and the value of such analyses in advanced stage patients has not been clearly assessed previously. This study was conducted to estimate the accuracy of both polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in micrometastases detection and determine the best site for bone marrow biopsy in order to find micrometastasis.
This prospective cross-sectional study was performed in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Alzahra University Hospital from September 2008 to June 2009. To evaluate the bone marrow, a 3-cm rib segment and an aspirated specimen from the iliac bone prior to tumor resection were taken. PCR and IHC were performed for each specimen to find micrometastasis.
Of 41 patients, 14 (34%) were positive for BMM by PCR compared with two positive IHC (4.8%). All BMMs were diagnosed in rib segments, and iliac specimens were all free from metastatic lesion. Our data showed no significant association between variables such as age, sex, histology, tumor location, side of tumor, involved lobe, smoking, or weight loss and presence of BMM.
PCR could use as a promising method for BMM detection. BMM in a sanctuary site (rib) is not associated with advanced stages of lung cancer. In addition, when predictor variables such as age, sex, histology, tumor location, smoking, or weight loss are analyzed, no correlation can be found between micrometastasis prevalence and any of those variables.
PMCID: PMC3425047  PMID: 22924073
IHC; lung cancer; micrometastasis; PCR

Results 1-3 (3)