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1.  Fatal pneumonitis associated with postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy in lung cancer: Case report and review 
Oncology Letters  2012;5(2):714-716.
Radiation pneumonitis (RP) is the most significant complication of acute treatment-related toxicities in lung cancer. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with inverse planning enables us to achieve the desired dose distribution. However, there are many high-risk procedures associated with lung irradiation, including chemotherapy and surgery. We report a case of fatal treatment-related pneumonitis, where the patient had undergone postoperative IMRT for lung cancer. Following completion of radiotherapy, the patient developed progressive dyspnea. A chest computed tomography (CT) scan revealed the presence of diffuse reticular interstitial processes and honeycombing in both lungs. The fibrotic change in both lungs in a transverse view was compatible with low-dose irradiation of non-target organs at risk. Acute radiation pneumonitis was diagnosed. For patients receiving postoperative IMRT, low-dose irradiation volumes should be considered for lungs, as well as strict dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters.
doi:10.3892/ol.2012.1053
PMCID: PMC3572979  PMID: 23420543
radiation pneumonitis; intensity-modulated radiotherapy; low-dose irradiated volume
2.  Characterization of Carbapenemase Genes in Enterobacteriaceae Species Exhibiting Decreased Susceptibility to Carbapenems in a University Hospital in Chongqing, China 
Annals of Laboratory Medicine  2012;32(4):270-275.
Background
Our study was to investigate the prevalence of carbapenemase genes in strains of Enterobacteriaceae species exhibiting decreased susceptibility to carbapenems in our hospital.
Methods
The carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae species were confirmed by modified Hodge test (MHT) and EDTA-disc synergy test which indicating the production of class B carbapenemases. PCR and sequencing analysis were used to identify the drug-resistant genes. DNA fingerprinting based on enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR was applied to investigate the homology of Enterobacteriaceae species.
Results
From a collection of 1,472 Enterobacteriaceae species, 18 isolates with decreased susceptibility to carbapenem treatment were identified and 9 of which were positive by MHT, and 6 of which produced class B carbapenemases. PCR and sequencing analysis of the 18 isolates revealed 4 different carbapenemase genes (blaIMP-8, blaoxa-1, blaIMP-26, and blaoxa-47) in 10 isolates, with the blaIMP-8 and blaoxa-1 genes being the most common (60-70% prevalence). ERIC-PCR showed 5, 2, and 2 unique genotypes for Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella pneumoniae, respectively. Three E. coli strains isolated from different patients from the urologic surgery department exhibited the same DNA banding pattern, suggesting a possible clonal dissemination. Majority (17/18) of the carbapenem-unsusceptible Enterobacteriaceae species isolates was obtained from the surgery department of our hospital.
Conclusions
The main carbapenemase genes of Enterobacteriaceae species in our hospital were blaIMP-8 and blaoxa-1. Prevalence of carbapenem resistance may be existed in surgery department and infection control should be taken for preventing further dissemination of drug-resistant strains.
doi:10.3343/alm.2012.32.4.270
PMCID: PMC3384808  PMID: 22779068
Enterobacteriaceae species; Carbapenemases; Carbapenems

Results 1-2 (2)